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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-fifth Congress, 1877-'78
(1877-1878)

France,   pp. 36-40 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 36


36                FOREIGN RELATIONS--APPENDIX.
that the producers and manufacturers of these various articles in, the
United States employ an enterprising and trustworthy agent whose
business it should be to study the prices of and import duty on the
articles mentioned, and, being supplied with a sufficient number of sam-
ples, to travel throughout the country for the purpose of procuring
orders therefor.
      I have, &c.,
                                                  M. J. CRAMER.
                             FRANCE.
                               No. 13.
                    Mr. Bridgland to Mr. Seward.
No. 149.]                        UNITED STATES CONSUL&TE,
                Havre, September 4, 1877. (Received September 19.)
  SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your circular
dated August 15, 1877, referring to the importance of consular officers
exerting themselves to promote the best interests of trade between their
consular districts and the United States. In reply thereto, I have the
honor to state that since my inductionuinto office here I have felt the
importance of such an effort, and have therefore been ccnstantly at
work to induce shipments of our surplus prod ucts into my-consular dis-
trict, such as hides, hog-products, cotton, corn, &c. This latter article
has shown the most marked increase.
  From the best informationul get there were received in 1875, for the
first time, at this port a few samples of American Indian corn, giving
rise to importations direct from the United States in 1876 of 2,59,1,600
pounds. During the past seven months of the present year, importa-
tions from our country to Havre have increased to 28,936,088 pounds,
showing, as you will see, an increase in direct shipments of eleven-fold.
  Knowing that we have a large surplus at home, and that with a proper
foreign demand we could produce an almOst unlimited quantity of this
grain, I more than two years ago visited the superintendent of the street
railroad company and several of the largest livery and truck stables,
whom I induced to try our Indian-corn as a feed in place of oats, wheat,
and barley, as has been their custom, by showing them it would be
greatly to their advantage, as it would cost them only two-thirds of the
value of the grain they were then feeding.
  For two years these people have been feeding almost exclusively
Indian corn, by grinding it and mixing it with cut feed, as well as by
boiling, and feeding of it in hominy state. The farmers in this consular
district have also adopted this feed to a considerable extent, and are
Selling their small grain.which hitherto they have been in the habit of
feeding to their own stock, thereby saving fully 33 per cent. French
distillers are now bteginning to make use of this great American staple.
   There has been a gradual increase in the receipts at this port from
 the United States of nearly all of the aforenamed articles, as you Will
 see by referring to my annual reports, notwithstanding the prostration
 of trade nearly all over the world during the past three years. The in-
 crease in the receipts of Indian corn, however, is by far the most marked.
 We have had several ships from New Orleans this summer with corn,
 which airived here in good condition, having been well handled by ele-


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