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United States Department of State / Executive documents printed by order of the House of Representatives. 1872-'73

Brazil,   pp. 66-109 PDF (18.8 MB)

Page 66

                               No. 44.
                      Mr. Partridge to Mr. Fish.
No. 8.]                            UNITED STATES LEGATION,
             Rio de Janeiro, September 9, 1871. (Received October 7.)
   SIR: I have the honor to say that the political condition continues
here without change from what was set forth in my No. 3, August 25.
   The emancipation bill, which has been the cause of so much excite-
ment and discussion, passed the House of Deputies August 28, by a
majority of 26 votes. It is now under discussion in the Senate, and has
been warmly debated. This great measure of justice and humanity
will, in all probability, pass that body also within a day or two, as the
Cha~mbers finally adjourn on the 15th of September.
  The short crop caused by the frosts, &c., in the southern provinces,
has raised the price of coffee far beyond what is justified by the sales
abroad; yet large quantities are daily shipped to the United States.
  I would respectfully suggest to the Department, in this connection,
the propriety of considering what representations might properly be
made to this government, with a view of inducing it to lower the duty
here on articles, flour and lard especially, the production of the United
States, consumed in Brazil, in return for and before we make at home
a further reduction, or entire abolition of our duty on coffee,
  It is much to be regretted, it seems to me, that something of the sort
was not done previous to the reduction of our duty on coffee from five
to three cents per pound. When it is considered that we take from the
Brazilians three-fifths of their whole crop, upon which they depend ex-
clusively to meet the cost of all their importýs, and that the diminution
of our duty on that article inured entirely to the benefit of the pro-
ducer here, who instantly raised its price, it would seem that we ought
to be able easily to come to such an understanding (without the tram-
mels of a formal commercial treaty) as would secure to our products
here some of the advantages at least to which our position as their best
customer entitles us.
  I am aware of the interest the President takes in this matter of en-
larging and facilitating foreign markets for our wheat and flour, and
the products especially of the Northwest, and as Brazil is the largest
consumer of these, it might not be difficult under the instructionýs
the Department to come to some such understanding and mutual action
by the two countries as should greatly increase the commerce between
  If these suggestions should Meet your approbation, I respectfully ask
your instructions in that regard.
      I am, &C.,
                                        JAMES R. PARTRIDGE.
                               No. 45.
                      Mr. Partridge to Mr. Fish.
No. 13.]                        UTNITED STATES LEGATION,
          Rio de Janeiro, September 23, 1871. (Received October 21.)
  SIR: I have the honor to inclose to you a translation of the note just

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