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United States Department of State / Executive documents printed by order of the House of Representatives. 1872-'73
(1872-1873)

Austria,   pp. 44-63 PDF (8.2 MB)


Page 44


FOREIGN RELATIONS.
                         AUSTRIA.
                               No. 25.
                         Mr. Jay to Mr. Fish.
                               [Extract.]
No. 397.]                         AMERICAN LEGATION,
                  Vienna, December 29, 1871. (Received January 24.)
  SIR: I attended this morning the formal opening of the Reichsrath
by the Emperor in person, and I append a translation of His Majesty's
speech from the throne to the members of the two houses. Its delivery
was constantly interrupted by the applause, which seemed to me much
more spontaneous and hearty than on the two similar occasions last year
and the year preceding at which I have assisted.
  Its suggestions seemed to indicate upon the points referred to a rather
definite policy, and there was a tone of cordiality, reliance on the co-
operation of the Reichsrath, and confidence of success, which made
apparently a favorable impression.
  Satisfaction was manifested at the declaration that the happy devel-
opment of public schools was a condition the most essential to the
prosperity and progress of society, and to the reference to a project of
law rendered necessary by the abrogation of the Concordat to regulate
the relations of the church to the schools.
  Among the other projects of law alluded to, were those for the per-
fecting of the landwehr or militia for raising the salaries of all civil
em-
ploye's of the governments, who have recently complained loudly that
their salaries have remained unchanged, while the cost of living has
enormously increased.
  The Emperor expressed his deep regret that any part of his people
should neglect to place themselves on the only ground where it was
possible to come to an understanding, and this seemed to be the most
distinct reference to the Bohemians, -who have been so completely dis-
appointed in the hopes created by the first imperial rescript under the
ministry of HIohenwart. He appealed to the national spirit of Austria
and fraternal feeling for the accomplishment of her great mission.
  Ile declared that her peaceful relations with all foreign powers and
the present state of Europe were favorable to the task of internal con-
solidation, and he closed with a peroration which, in the mouth of an
Emperor of the house of Hapsburg, is not without significance in its
declaration that the union of the people of Austria muAt be accom-
plished in accordance with the spirit of the age and on a popular basis.
  The reception of the speech by the Viennese press is generally favor-
able, and its-tone is regarded as calculated to soften the bitter animosi-
ties of the recent past by the idea that there is a real desire on the part
of the ministry to act in a spirit of moderation and with a view to some
reasonable compromise in the future.
      I am, &c.,
                                                      JOHN JAY.
44


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