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Atchley, E.J.; Atchley, Jennie (ed.) / The Southland queen
Vol. VI, No. 4 (August 1900)

[Articles and opinions pertaining to beekeeping],   pp. 99-105 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 101

THE SOUTHLAND QUEEN.
Still the number of young bees
is increasing, while possibly the
nuiber if young larva is (imin-
ishing, tile drone-larve (all't con-
somne the supertilous clyle, the
bves get imlore and nore eager to
feed young larve, and because the
queen seems to be unable to lay a
suflicient number of eggs a desire
for a new or more queens is ineit-
ed; Iuicein-(ells are started, and
t1('  qjuveen,  receiving  thle  mail)(
blood as the workers, is governed
by the same iilulses and lays eggs
into the Cell-ups.
As soon as queesiells are start-
ed a swa-in is a liecessity if no
other circninstalces hinder it; or
aeordillg to the season the queell
is superseded.
This is. the expIlanation of the
swarilling-imullse. It exlains ev-
ery observation we have made, as
yet, lIhout swaning. I know such
scientific speeulations are not very
i uul favored by tile bee-keelpes,
l1utt they are very important. As
long as we do not know what
causes the swarning imnpulse we
will hardly find the proper way to
prevent sw amiiing, and tle science
in general iust be the basis of
practical bee-keeping.
We will now go     ack to our
iestioni: "What is the Mirpose
of setting brood over the queen-
excluder in raising queel-cells inl
upper stories?"
Whell  the coilb  with open
bro(d are set inl the upper story, a
nlor1mal number of young nurse-
hees will adhere to these (mninbs or
will get induced by the brood to
enter the upper story.  Without
brood the bees would probably
neglect thle queens-ells entirely.
Sohme young lbees are gnawing out
of the (ells (aily, but n(o illore eggs
are laid.  Three days afterwards
a supertinous uni in her of young
bees will be present and conse-
quently a supertlnous amount of
chyle. This is the desired condi-
tion to raise good quneiis. By this
iethod of queenl-rearing we have
inl fact divided the cololy in two
parts and tile VYoung bees in tilee
lower Story may be governed by
othber imlses than the bees in the
upper story, helalse their blood is
of different composition.
We have to mention     another
point  of practical importance.
For a few years last sole bee-
keepers have heeni talking about
breeding out time swnming nill-
pulse. We have seen that the
swariling impulse is il close col-
nection with breeding. The iore
flhe eg-s that are blid by the( queen
in early spring tihe 0soonler she will
reach tIle illnxililull of her egg-lay-
ing capacity. Prolific iaes or
strains of bees are    gelerally
swa-ining and droln-rearing bees.
If we  breed out tIle i(undesired
swal-Iling impulse there will at
least he solme danigel that we will
at tihe saile tilie ieed out tile de-
sired  quality  of prolticiless also.  .
101
1900L


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