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Leahy, R. B. (ed.) / The progressive bee-keeper
Vol. XI [XIII], No. 11 (Nov., 1903)

[Beekeeping articles continued],   pp. 304-306

Page 304

the Progressive
A Journal devoted to Bees, Honey and Kin-
dred Industries.
I. B. LEAHY,    Editor and Manager.
F. L. THOMPSON,     Editorial Writer.
LEAHY MFG. CO.,      -   Publishers.
llAC12 AND BURR COMBS are most
troublesome during late summer and
fall. They are then filled with honey,
so that when broken by removing su-
pers. or inspecting the brood-chamber,
they daub the bees and smear the
fingers and tools of the operator,
Moreover, at any time of the year
these excrescences along the top bars
of the frames, and ends of the hives,
are very liable to kill bees when frames
are removed for inspection.
WHA\r Is To BE DONE'? well. there
are anti-brace--comb frames sold. But
it is both expensive and troublesome to
change the frames of a yard. Flow one
may best get along with the materials
at hand is worthy of consideration.
Brace   combs    behind  the   ends
of   the    frames  are   not   the
fault of the frame. Their presence
indicates that the hive is too long
for the frames, so that the remedy lies
in so reducing the inside length of the
hive that the space between the ends
of the hive and the ends of the frames
shall not exceed ote-fourth to three-
eighths of an inch. If there is much
space to fill up, a thin board may be
nailed in at each end. If not very
much, a little separator stuff tacked in
will do, and this may also be used for
greater spaces, if thin boards are not
available, by putting cleats behind it.
BmUrr combs on top of the fratnt s are
somewhat due to an improl)er intervat
between toe bottom of the super and
the top of the frames, and may be re-
duced by reducing that interval to one-
f6urth of an inch, by applying a draw-
knife or a plane to the top edges of the
hive. But if there is nothing between
the brood-frames and the super, this
will not eradicate them by any means.
The bottoms of the supers generally
have to be scraped when removed or
tiered up, first smoking the bees out of
the way (but they don't all go) and the
dripping stuff put in a special vessel
carried along from hive to hive for the
IN REMOvING FRAMES the first im-
pulse is to pry the frames apart and
take them out just as they are. If they
can be pried so far apart that the pro-
jecting fragments of brace-combs on
the top bars of the frames adjoining
the one lifted out do not scrape itssur-
face, well and good. But in most cases
this can not be done. Then when the
frame is lifted up, bees are caught and
crushed between those fragments and
the cmb of the one that is being lifted.
If the combs are reasonably straight,
this may be avoided b3 a little care.
Suppose we call three adjoining frames
A. B, and C. We desire to remove 13.
The first step is to sever the brace-
comb connections with a knife, not
half-way between 13 and A, and B and
C, but clone up to the top-bars of A and
C. Then when B is lifted up, all the
brace-comb connections rise with it atd
are at once out of the way. But, of
course, this is funsy work.
why not apply this to the intervals be-
tween one top-bar and another? Why
should we not thus get entirely rid of
brace-combs? Such is the theory of
anti-brace-comb frames, now applied to
the Hoffman framrces, as now made and
scattered broadcast. After several
years, experience with  them. and
especially a chance for comparing themt
on a large scale,. by la t sounmmrs work.
with seve-al other varieties. I have

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