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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook mineral industries of Asia and the Pacific 1992
Year 1992, Volume 3 (1992)

Wu, John C.
Nepal,   pp. [272]-275 PDF (1.1 MB)

Page 274

274  THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF NEPAL—l992Diluted ore reserves of
Ganesh Himal deposit, based on the 1988 prefeasibility study, were estimated
at 915,000 tons grading 12. 1 % zinc, 1 .66 % lead, and 24.6 g of silver
per ton of ore.5 
 According to information released by the Government in 1992, major limestone
deposits are in Okhara, with 10 Mmt of reserves; in Udaipur, with 51.4 Mmt;
and in Surkhet, with 48.6 Mmt. Additionally, sizable limestone reserves are
found in Panaute and Dhankuta. Substantial mineral resources, including clay,
dolomite, magnesite, quartz, silica sand, and talc, had been found in Nepal.
However, no definitive geological work and systematic delineation for estimating
reserves have been accomplished. 
 Nepal has 7,080 km of roads, of which 2,898 km is paved, 1,660 km gravel
or crushed stone, and 2,522 km of seasonally motorable tracks. It also has
52 km of 0.762-m-gauge railroad, all in Terai close to the India border.
The 10 km from Raxal to Birganji is Government owned. The country has five
major airports with permanent-surface runways. Telephone and telegraph services
are poor. Nepal has 280,000 kW of electricity generating capacity and produced
about 540 MkW.h of electricity for consumption by Kathmandu and ., several
larger cities, but there is no national power distribution and transmission
 Nepal's enormous hydroelectric potential remains largely untapped. To develop
its hydroelectric power, the Nepalese Government announced a new hydropower
development policy in 1992. Under the new policy, small hydropower projects
will be constructed in the hilly and Himalayan regions; a rural electrification
system will be adequately extended; and private local and foreign investment
will be encouraged. 
 The outlook for development of Nepalese economy relies very much on foreign
financial and technical assistance. Japan is currently a leading aid donor,
followed by the United States, the European Community, China, and India.
Various UN-affiliated international organizations were among the important
donors. Infrastructure projects in 
progress were several small hydroelectric power stations, bridge construction,
installation of a high-power transmission 
line between Nepal and India, and construction of a highway in western Nepal.
The potential for mineral development remains largely untapped. 
 ' Nepal Press Digest (Kathmandu). Pad II, The Economy. V. 36, No. 17, p.
 ' Where appropriate, values have basis cossveiled from Nepalese nipom to
U.S. doRia at the rate of NRa44.5=US$l.OOin 1992. 
 ' The Rising Nepal (Kathmaindu). Mining Industries Plant Saplings. Sept.
8, 1992. p. 3. 
 4NepSI Press Digest (Kathmsndu). CementProduction. V. 36, No. 32. Aug. 10,
1992. p. 300; No. 50, Dcc. 14, 1992. p. 463; and No. 51, Dcc. 21. 1992, p.
 ' Laboiu*ie, B., J. G. Bray, and H. Maire. I~sd/Zinc ExplorationUpdatc A
paper presented at the 37th Session of the InternationalLead Zinc Study Group,
Vienna, Oct. 16, 1992, pp. 7.11. 

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