University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Ecology and Natural Resources Collection

Page View

Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)

Prosser, Leonard J.
Virginia,   pp. 543-552 PDF (960.6 KB)


Page 549

TRevised. W Withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data; included
with "Other uses." 
' Includes limestone, granite, marl, marble (1977), sandstone, shell (1977),
traprock, other stone, and slate. 2lncludes stone used in poultry grit and
mineral food, ferrosilicon (1978-79), asphalt filler, glass manufacture,
roofmg granules (1979), terrazzo and exposed aggregate (1977), slate floor
(1977-78), lightweight aggregate, sulfur dioxide (1979), unspecified uses,
and uses indicated by symbol W. 
3Data may not add to totals shown because of independent rounding. 
THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF VIRGINIA 
549 
Table 7.—Virginia: Sand and gravel sold or used by producers, by
use
Use 
1977 
1978 
1979 
Quantity 
(thous- 
and 
short 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Quantity 
(thous- 
and 
short 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Quantity 
(thous- 
and 
short 
tons) 
Value (thousands) 
~ 
V 1 
~ 
pa n 
Construction: 
Sand                Gravel                
 Total or average      Industrial sand            
 Grand total or average - 
6,772 
3,675 
14,167 
10,438 
$2.09 
2.84 
7,752 
3,675 
17,518 
11,555 
$2.26 
3.14 
8,091 
3,712 
18,638 
13,629 
$2.30 
3.67 
10,447 
 W 
24,605 
 W 
2.36 
3.37 
11,430 
 W 
29,070 
 W 
2.54 
5.24 
11,803 
 W 
132,268 
 W 
2.73 
6.71 
W 
W 
2.36 
W 
W 
2.56 
W 
W 
2.75 
W Withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data. 1Data do not add
to total shown because of independent rounding. 
Stone.—In terms of value and quantity, Fairfax, Dinwiddie, and
Wythe.
stone was Virginia's leading nonfuel miner- About 99% of the stone produced
in al commodity throughout the 1970's. Na- Virginia was marketed as crushed
stone. tionally, the State ranked sixth in total The construction industry
remained the stone production and fifth in the value of State's primary consumer,
utilizing crushed stone production in 1978 and maintained stone as roadbase
and concrete aggregate. the same position in 1979. During this Crushed limestone
production averaged period, granite, limestone, marl, sandstone, about 24
million short tons annually in 1978 traprock, and slate were extracted at
130 and 1979, and most of it was used in conquarries. Output at each of 16
quarries struction. High-calcium limestone was used exceeded 900,000 short
tons and accounted in the manufacture of lime and cement and for 39% of the
total State production. Lead- as a raw material in the steel, glass; and
ing counties, in decreasing order of produc- chemical industries. 
tion tonnage, were Loudoun, Goochiand, 
Table 8.—Virginia: Crushed stone1 sold or used by producers, by
use
Use 
(Thousand short tons and thousand dollars) 
 1977 1978 1979 
- Quantity  Value  Quantity  Value Quantity Value 
Agricultural limestone  
Agricultural marl and other soil conditioners_____ 
Concrete aggregate  
Bituminous aggregate 
Macadamaggregate_______________________ 
Dense-graded roadbasestone_________________ 
Surfacetreatmentaggregate_________________ 
Other construction aggregate and roadstone______ 
Riprapandjettystone______________________ 
Railroad ballast  
Filter stone_____________________________ 
Manufactured fine aggregate (stone sand)  
Cement manufacture______________________ 
Lime manufacture________________________ 
Fluxstone______________________________ 
Mine dusting____________________________ 
Other fillers orextenders____________________ 
Other uses2 - 
 1,660 6,880 1,620 7,612 1,710 8,361 
 6 13 4 8 W 10 
 r4,786 r12,437 4,163 11,896 4,339 14,033 
 5,270 14,171 4,913 13,720 4,818 16,818 
 531 1,237 428 1,065 438 1,309 
 16,036 39,013 20,806 54,978 19,647 61,581 
 2,116 5,789 4,086 12,192 3,417 11,968 
 5,689 13,937 7,346 19,159 9,078 27,219 
 208 677 271 1,004 298 1,225 
 288 664 458 1,183 442 1,285 
 w W 97 269 472 984 
 574 1,882 914 3,421 1,229 4,222 
 1,584 2,979 1,609 2,588 1,649 2,752 
 1,566 2,977 1,723 4,042 1,607 3,918 
 207 435 222 488 201 504 
 442 1,656 440 1,784 331 2,079 
 168 963 150 921 139 963 
 575 4,026 1,191 5,270 1,265 5,993 
 Total3 41,707 109,737 50,442 141,601 51,080 165,223 


Go up to Top of Page