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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)

White, Doss H., Jr.; Ratté, Charles A.
Vermont,   pp. 535-541 ff. PDF (724.4 KB)


Page 537

 NA Not available. W Withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data;
included in "Other uses."' Data may not add to totals shown because
of independent
rounding.THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF VERMONT 
537 
ment. During the period, guidelines were developed for mine reclamation;
the oil and gas potential of the Champlain basin was assessed; and a number
of geological mapping and mineral resource assessment studies were conducted
on State lands. 
 The Vermont Mapping Advisory Committee and the cooperative mapping program
between the State and the U.S. Geological Survey were reestablished. The
State geologist chairs the Mapping Advisory Commit- 
tee. 
 Vermont continued cooperative programs with the Federal Bureau of Mines
to research the use of mine tailings as mineral raw materials. Vermont slate,
marble, and asbestos tailings were under investigation. Initial results were
favorable for producing insulation from the slate and marble wastes, and
a synthetic highway aggregate was produced from asbestos mine tailings. 
REVIEW BY NONFUEL MINERAL COMMODITIES 
NONMETALS 
Asbestos.—Vermont Industrial Products, 
a subsidiary of Vermont Asbestos Group, Inc., mined asbestos from surface
operations near Lowell. Output was used in asbestos cement products. 
 Cement.—All cement used by the construction industry during the
biennium
was imported. Vermont and the other New England States, excluding Maine,
have no cement-producing plants. Shipments to the State in 1978 totaled 148,000
tons of portland and 6,000 tons of masonry; 1979 shipments were 138,000 tons
of portland and 5,000 tons of masonry. 
 Mica.—Crude mica, imported from foreign sources by the U.S. Samica
Corp., Rutland, was used in the manufacture of mica paper for electrical
insulation. 
 Sand and GraveL—Construction sand and gravel was the second leading
commodity in terms of tonnage and value during the 
biennium. In 1979, 43 companies produced sand and gravel from 45 deposits,
a decrease of 6 companies and 6 deposits from the previous year. Leading
counties in tonnage were Chittenden, in the northwestern part of the State,
and Bennington, in the southwest. Principal end uses were roadbase, asphalt,
and concrete aggregate. Other uses included fill and snow and ice control.
 Officials in a number of local Vermont communities expressed concern about
Federal Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) regulations governing
sand and gravel operations. The communities mine sand and gravel intermittently
for road repair, and MSHA requires that parttime employees receive 26 hours
of safety training at community expense. At the end of 1979, there were no
MSHA-certified instructors in Vermont; the nearest training classes are in
Pennsylvania. 
Table 4.—Vermont: Construction sand and gravel sold or used, 
by major use category 
Use 
1977 
1978 
1979 
Quantity 
(thousand 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Quantity 
(thousand 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Quantity 
(thousand 
short 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Concrete aggregate — Plaster and gunit.e sands           
837 
NA 
$1,728 NA 
$2.06 
NA 
1,096 
$2,366 
$2.15 
1,006 
w 
$2,108 
w 
$2.10 
3.15 
Concrete products.. — — Asphaltic concrete —
— Roadbase
and 
263 
595 
552 
1,183 
2.10 
1.99 
W 469 
w 
907 
2.12 
1.93 
w 
610 
 W 
1,321 
2.67 
2.17 
 coverings       Fill              
1,162 
355 
1,776 
370 
1.53 
1.04 
1,301 
475 
1,875 
569 
1.44 
1.20 
1,136 
563 
1,614 
674 
1.42 
1.20 
Snow and ice control — 
NA 
NA 
NA 
143 
228 
1.59 
140 
221 
1.57 
Railroad ballast — — — — 
w 
W 
3.31 
1 
2 
1.13 
4 
10 
2.80 
Other uses        Total' or 
194 
229 
1.18 
241 
489 
2.03 
201 
292 
1.45 
average       
3,405 
5,837 
1.71 
3,726 
6,425 
1.72 
3,660 
6,240 
1.70 


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