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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Briggs, Ted C.
Nitrogen,   pp. 881-896 PDF (2.1 MB)


Page 887

 NITROGEN 887 
WORLD REVIEW 
 The most significant development in the 
* world market for nitrogenous fertilizers was the change from a large oversupply
situation at the beginning of the year to a market with increasing prices
and localized shortages of some types of fertilizers by yearend. While world
production of fixed nitrogen did not increase dramatically, there was a significant
reduction in stocks of nitrogenous fertilizers carried over from the previous
year. A factor which contributed to tight supplies in some areas was a rather
widespread malfunctioning of new ammonia plants that were scheduled to 
 - come onstream during the year. 
Eastern Europe consolidated its position as the world's leading area for
the production of fixed nitrogen, and the People's Republic of China, and
India continued to be the world's leading importing countries with combined
imports of 35% of the nitrogenous fertilizers traded in the international
markets.14 
 Australia.—Austral-Pacific Fertilizers Ltd. merged with Eastern Nitrogen
Ltd. into Consolidated Fertilisers Ltd. Shareholders in the new firm were
Imperial Chemical Industries of Australia & New Zealand Ltd. (ICI Australia)
with 37.7%, The Dow Chemical Co. with 19.8%, Swift and Co. with 13%, Sulphide
Corp., which was a subsidiary of Conzinc Rio Tinto Australia Ltd., with 9%,
King Ranch Australia with 3.9%, Mitsui & Co. with 2.3%, and others with
14.3%. The consolidated group faced the basic problem that Australia had
about twice as much fertilizer capacity as the domestic market could absorb.15
 Brazil.—Ammonia production in Brazil was based mainly in the central
and northern sectors. There were two plants in Cubatao, São Paulo.
One of these started production in 1959 and had a capacity of about 10,000
tons per year. This plant used refinery gas as a feedstock. The other plant
started production in 1970 with a capacity of 120,000 tons per year while
using naphtha as the feedstock. A third plant at Camacari, Bahia, had a capacity
of 47,000 tons per year with production starting in 1971. Brazilian production
cost did not, however, allow domestic ammonia to compete very well with imported
ammonia. For example, imported ammonia was available at $50 per ton, while
domestic ammonia sold for $90 per ton.16 
 Canada.—DuPont of Canada, Ltd. began construction of a commercial
explosives plant at Ashcroft, British Columbia. The plant, estimated to cost
$4 million, was expected to be onstream in 1973. The plant will produce newly
developed explosive products." 
 Chile—A new grade of Chilean potash nitrate was introduced. The new
product had an analysis of 15% N, 14% K20 equivalent, and 18% Na. Price of
the new grade was adjusted to take account of the additional value, but price
per unit of plant food remained unchanged.18 
 Czechoslovakia.—A 1,000-ton-per-day ammonia synthesis unit and a 15,000-ton
ammonia storage unit were delivered by Friedrich Uhde G.m.b.H. of Dortmund,
West Germany, to the Duslo plant, of Sala, Nad Vahom. The delivery included
six compressors designed by the Swedish company Stal Refrigeration AB, of
Norrkoping.19 
 A 200,000-ton-per-year urea plant at Zaluzi near Most in Czechoslovakia
was expected to start production at midyear.2° 
 A 300,000-ton-per-year fertilizer granulation plant was to be built at Bratislava,
by French engineering companies. Ammonia, ammonium nitrate solution, urea,
and superphosphate were to be brought in by rail.-2' 
 Finland.—Typpi Oy, the country's nitrogenous fertilizer producer,
operated stateowned plants for the production of ammonia, urea, nitric acid,
and compound fertilizers. Plants are located at Oulu near the head of the
Gulf of Bothnia in northern Finland. The ammonia plant was said to be the
most northerly in the world. 
 14 Nitrogen (London). World Trends. No. 80, November—December 1972,
pp. 5—7. 
 1~ European Chemical News. Consolidated Fertilizers Quantifies Losses. V.
21, No. 523, Mar. 10, 
1972, p. 30. Feed & Farm Supplies. Australia's 
Fertilisers Brighten. V. 69, No. 10, Oct. 1972, p. 
25. 
 18 Chemical Age. Perspective. V. 104, No. 2744, Feb. 18, 1972, p. 11. 
 ~ European Chemical News. Explosives for DuPont. V. 22, No. 561, Dec. 1,
1972, p. 12. 
 18 Feed & Farm Supplies. More Pota,h in Chilean Potash Nitrate. V. 69,
No. 12, December 1972, p. 30. 
 19Chemical Age. Uhde Ammonia Plant Delivered to Czechoslovakia. V. 104,
No. 2742, Feb. 4, 1972, p. 19. 
 20 European Chemical News. Czechoslovak Urea Unit Nears Completion. V. 21,
No. 518, Feb. 4, 1972, p. 8. 
 21 Chemical News. Kaltenbach Wins 
Bratislava NPK Order. V. 21, No. 528, Apr. 14, 1972, p. 16. 


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