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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Willard, David G.
Graphite,   pp. 589-595 ff. PDF (715.7 KB)


Page 593

GRAPHITE 
in 1972, amounting to 64,135 tons whith was 11% above the 57,756 tons imported
in 1971. The total was the third highest on record, surpassing all years
except 1968 and 1970. Crystalline flake graphite imports rose 44% to 7,043
tons, the largest amount since 1956. Imports of other types of 
59~ 
graphite increased from 52,874 tons in 1971 to 57,092 tons in 1972, a gain
of 8%. Increased demand plus the drop in 1971 imports combined to boost the
requirement for foreign supplies to these near record heights. 
Table 5.—U.S. imports for consumption of natural and artific 
ial graphite 
, by country 
Natural 
Artificial' 
Total 
Crystalline Crystalline Other natural 
 flake lump, chip crude and   or dust refined 
Year and country 
 Short Value Short Value Short Value 
Short Value 
Short Value 
tons (thou- tons (thou- tons (thou- 
 sands) sands) sands) 
tons (thousands) 
tons (thousands) 
 1970 5,713 $770 76 $28 60,551 $2,197 1971: 
109 $32 
66,449 $3,027 
Canada r4 1 
 277 19 
 ' 281 20 
France     28 16Germany, West 759 228 15 5 823 171Italy     -- --Japan  -
 2 3 1 1Korea, Republic oL - -      116 6Malagasy Republic.~ 4,063 458  
302 41Mexico (r). (r)   ' 46,182 r962Norway     2,880 304South Africa, Republicof
    28 8Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) 60 11 56 13 2,159 448Switzerland    
- - -- 
 (2) (2) 
 4 3 27 25 2 2 - - - - -- -- -- -- -- -- 
-- -- 
-- -- 
15 7 
 28 16 1,601 407 27 25 5 6 116 6 4,365 499 46,182 962 2,830 304 
 28 3 
 2,275 472 15 7 
 U.S.S.R 3 (2) 
 United Kingdom - - (2) (2) 
 Total ' 4,882 ' 697 73 21'52,476 ' 1,953 
1972: 
- - ---- - - 
 3 (2) 
 (2) (2) 
 325 56 
' 57,756 2,727 
Austria 16 3 
- - -- 
 16 3 
Canada 7 2 
 111 7 
 118 9 
China, People's 
 Republic of     734 115France 12 4   -- 
- - -- 
 734 115 12 4 
Germany, West 828 302   1,350 288HongKong     5 1Italy  -  2 2 -- - -Japan
    - - --Korea, Republic of     144 8Malagasy Republic - -  5,855 784 -
 -  446 86Malaysia 316 40   - -Mexico     47,438 1,068Norway 30 4 119 11
3,419 397South Africa, Republic of     40 4Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon)  
  2,810 634Switzerland     -- --Taiwan     99 19Thailand     60 15 
 9 6 -- -- 232 26 3 7 - - - - -- - - 
 11 7 -- -- 
- - - - 
 -- -- 
6 3 
 -- -- 
- - - - 
 2,187 596 5 1 234 28 3 7 144 8 6,301 870 316 40 47,449 1,075 3,568 412 
 40 4 
 2,810 634 6 3 99 19 60 15 
U.S.S.R     31 3United Kingdom 2 1 -   - - 
- - -- 
 31 3 2 1 
Total 7,043 1,135 121 13 56,599 2,643 
 372 56 
64,135 3,847 
' Revised. 
' Includes only that received in raw material form; excludes products made
of graphite. 2Less than ~ unit. 
WORLD REVIEW 
 World production of graphite decreased in 1972. The downswing, coupled with
a probable rise in world demand, further aggravated the supply problem. Supplies
of 
premium grades remained especially tight. A dedine in exports by Sri Lanka
(formerly Ceylon), stemming from the adjustment problems of their newly nationalized
indus 


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