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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Chin, E.
Gallium,   pp. 553-557 ff. PDF (469.5 KB)


Page 554

 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972554 
Table 1.—Stocks, receipts, and consumption of gallium as reported by
consumers 
(Grams) 
Purity 
Beginning 
stocks 
Receipts 
Consumption 
Ending 
stocks 
1971: 
97.0%—99.9%                      
99.99%                           
99.999%                          
99.9999%—99.99999%              
Total                        
1972: P 
97.0%—99.9%                    
99.99%                        
99.999%                       
99.9999%—99.99999%              
Total                        
15,405 
2,444 
3,175 
73,207 - 
13,550 
1,674 
28,100 
2,389,005 
11,959 
1,608 
80,335 
2,244,980 
16,996 
2,510 
940 
167,232 
94,231 
2,382,329 
2,288,882 
187,678 
16,996 
2,510 
940 
167,232 
10,591 
51,000 
10,249 
5,992,586 
12,692 
51,513 
1,664 
5,010,336 
14,895 
1,997 
9,525 
1,149,482 
187,678 
6,064,426 
5,076,205 
1,175,899 
P Preliminary. 
Table 2.—Consumption of gallium, 
by end use 
(Grams) 
End use 1971 
 1972 1' 
Alloys' 10,124 31,116 
Electronics2 2,037,696 4,965,717 
Research and development 136,070 78,670 
Unspecified uses 104,992 702 
 Total 2,288,882 5,076,205 
P Preliminary. 
 ' Dental, brazing, and specialty alloys. 
 2Primarily for light-emitting diodes; includes semiconductors and color
television phosphors. 
 Approximately 98% of the gallium consumed i'n 1972 was for electronic 
applications. Major consuming firms in- 
 Consumer stocks of gallium metal, lowand high-purity grades, totaled 1,175,899
grams as of December 31, 1972. Stocks a year earlier were 187,678 grams.
Shipments of gallium metal as reported by producers, dealers, and traders
in 1911 and 1972 were, respectively, 853,069 grams and 3,157,634 
cluded Bell and Howell Co., Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., Fairchild
Research and Development Laboratories, HewlettPackard Laboratories, Laser/Diode
Laboratories, Inc., Litronix Inc., Monsanto Company, Motorola, Inc., Opcoa,
Inc., RCA Corp., Texas Instruments, Inc., Texas Materials Laboratories, Inc.,
and Western Electric Co. 
 Strata Physics, Inc. (Strata), a user of gallium compounds for the production
of optoelectronic materials, doubled ' the size of its -plant at Santa Clara,
Calif. Orders for Strata's optoelectronic materials in 1972 
 were reportedly over $2.4 mill-ion. 
STOCKS 
 grams. Gallium metal stocks, in grams, as held by producers and suppliers
were as follows: 
Year 
January 1 
December 31 
1971               
1972               
211,362 
402,875 
402,875 
1,005,945 
PRICES 
The average price per grain of gallium 
metal as quoted by domestic producers in 
1972 were as follows: 
Quantity 
P 
- 
unity designation 
~- 
99.99% 
99.999% 
99.9999% 
99.99999% 
5oto999grams.. 
$0.90 
$1.05 
$1.20 
1,000 to 4,999 grams        
.60 
.65 
.80 
5,000 to 24,999 grams        
.55 
.60 
.75 
 For orders over 500 kilograms of gallium between 6—9's and 7—9's
purity, the selling price of metal was reportedly between $0.60 and $0.65
per gram. The price of a single LED unit as quoted by Monsanto Company was
as follows: 


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