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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Westerstrom, L.W.
Coal: bituminous and lignite,   pp. 329-393 ff. PDF (4.8 MB)

Page 330

 This chapter includes data on all bituminous coal and lignite output in
the United States ' by operations that produced 1,000 tons or more per year.
All quantity figures represent net tons of -marketable coal and exclude washery
and other refuse. Statistics are final and are based upon detailed annual
reports of production and mine operations furnished by producers. For production
not directly reported, chiefly that of small mines, data was obtained from
the records of the various State mine depart- 
ments, which have statutory authority to require such reports. 
 The monthly and weekly estimates of production, summarized in tables 4 and
9, are based upon railroad carloadings of coal reported weekly by railroads,
and shipments on the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers, reported by the U.-S.
Army Corps of Engineers, direct reports from mining companies, and monthly
production statements compiled by certain local operators' associations and
State mine departments. 
 Shipments of bituminous coal and lignite, summarized in tables 33 to 36,
show by district of origin, State of destination, type of -consumer use,
and by method of transportation, the participation of coal in various local
and national ' markets. 
 The distribution data by consumer use do not necessarily conform to the
consumption data ' because the latter represents actual use at consumer facilities,
whereas the distribution data represents shipments from the mines, some of
which were -in transit or in consumers' storage. 
 Total shipments increased from 553.1 million tons in 1971 to 595.2 million
tons in 1972. There were large increases in shipments to electric utility
and oven-coke plants. However, receipts of coal by consumers in all other
industrial fuel markets and to retail dealers were down 3.6 and 1.6 million
tons respectively. Miscellaneous items such as railroad fuel, mine fuel,
Canadian and U.S. Great Lakes dock storage accounts, and net changes in mine
inventory increased 0.9 million tons. 
 The distribution data are ' based on receipts submitted quarterly to the
Bureau of Mines voluntarily by producers, sales agents, distributors, and
wholesalers, who normally produce or sell 100,000 tons or more annually.
The cooperation of these respondents resulted in their reporting about 93%
of all coal produced or shipped. 
To account for total industry shipments, estimates for the remaining shipments
are included, based on data from coal trade and other reliable -coal statistical
reporting agencies. 
 Additional details of bituminous coal and lignite distribution for 1972
are presented in a Bureau of Mines report.2 
 2 Bureau of Mines. Bituminous Coal and Lignite Distribution, Calendar Year
1972. Mineral Industry Survey, April 9, 1973, 39 pp. 
 In 1972 the United States exported 56.0 million tons of coal, a decrease
of 0.7 million tons from that of 1971. Japan maintained its position as the
principal U.S. foreign -market with a 32.1% share of total U.S. coal exports.
Shipments of coal to Canada, Europe, and South America accounted for 33.3%,
29.8%, and 4.8%, respectively. 
The slight decline in coal exports in 1972 was the result of a generally
lower steel demand abroad, adequate coal stocks, and an improved world coking
coal supply. The lower steel demand in Europe led to a buildup of stockpiles
principally in Western Europe. 
 World production of bituminous coal and lignite in 1972 was estimated at
3,160 million tons an increase of 1.2 percent over that of the previous year.
In Europe, production decreased from 1,814 million tons to 1,786 million
tons. Production of bituminous coal and lignite in the U.S.S.R., the largest
coal producing country in the world, 
was estimated at 637 million tons in 1972, an increase of 14 million tons
over 1971 figures. Coal production in Asia increased 1.3% from the revised
1971 tonnage. The Peoples' Republic of China, the third largest coal-producing
country in the world, increased its production from 430 million tons in 1971
to 440 million tons in 1972. 

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