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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Morning, John L.
Chromium,   pp. 289-299 ff. PDF (1.1 MB)


Page 290

Plant 
Company 
Metallurgical industry: 
Airco Alloys and Carbide Div., Air Reduction Co. Inc 
Chromium Mining and Smelting Corp 
Foote Mineral Co  
Interlake Inc 
Ohio Ferro-Alloys Corp 
Shieldalloy Corp 
 Union Carbide Corp 
Refractory industry: 
The Babcock & Wilcox Co 
Basic,Inc 
 Corhart Refractories Co., Inc_____________________________________ 
E. J. Lavino & Co. (Div. of IMC) 
General Refractories Co  
Harbison-Walker Refractories Co. (Div. of Dresser Industries, Inc.) 
Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp 
North American Refractories Co___________________________________ Ohio Fire
Brick Co 
Chemical industry: 
 Allied Chemical Corp 
Diamond Shamrock Corp 
PPG Industries, Inc 
 Foote Mineral Co. announced at yearend that it would stop ferrochromium
production at its Vancoram, Ohio, plant. Anticipated pollution control costs
connected with the operation together with writeoff costs made the action
necessary, according to Foote. 
 Diamond Shamrock Corp. dedicated its new chromium chemicals plant at Castle
 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972290 
chromite, 13,618 tons. Actual deliveries of chroinite from government stockpiles
from current or prior sales contracts were: 
Chemical-grade, 116,128 tons; metallurgical-grade, 53,366 tons; and refractory-grade,
14,416 tons. 
A 1964 finding that chromic acid from 
Australia was sold at less than fair value 
within the meaning of the Antidumping 
Act, 1921, as amended, was revoked in 
1972 by the Department of Treasury.a 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 Domestic mine production of chromite ceased in 1961 when the last Government
Defense Production Act contract was phased out. However, the United States
continued to be one of the world's leading 
chromite consumers in producing chromium alloys, refractories, and chemicals.
The principal producers of these products were as follows: 
Calvert City, Ky. 
Niagara Falls, N.Y. 
Charleston, S.C. 
Woodstock, Tenn. 
Vancoram, Ohio 
Graham, W.Va. 
Beverly, Ohio 
Brilliant, Ohio 
Newfield, N.J. 
Niagara Falls, N.Y. 
Marietta, Ohio 
Augusta, Ga. 
Maple Grove, Ohio 
Buckhacinon, W.Va. 
Louisville, Ky. 
Newark, Calif. 
Plymouth Meeting, Pa. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Lehi, Utah 
Hammond, md. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Moss Landing, Calif. 
Columbiana, Ohio 
Womelsdorf, Pa. 
Jackson, Ohio 
Baltimore, Md. 
Castle Haynes, N.C. 
Kearny, N.J. 
Corpus Christi, Tex. 
Haynes, NC., which began operation late in 1971. Reportedly the plant will
process South African chromite. 
 A worldwide survey on chromium supply and demand was published early in
the year.4 This study presented information on supply and demand as well
as worldwide trade by principal countries. 
CONSUMPTION AND USES 
 Domestic consumption of 1,140,000 tons of chromite ore and concentrate containing
about 353,000 tons of chromium was 4% higher than in 1971. Of the total chromite
consumed, the metallurgical industry used 63.8%, the refractory industry
19.6%, and 
° Federal Register. V. 37, No. 226, Nov. 22. 
1972, p. 24838. 
 Roskill Information Services Ltd. Chromium Minerals, Ferrochrome, Chromium
and Chromium Chemicals: World Survey of Production and Consumption With Special
Reference to Future Demand and Prices. London, January 1972, 236 
pp. 


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