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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Whitman, Robert A.
Beryllium,   pp. 205-209 ff. PDF (452.2 KB)


Page 206

206 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 Production of beryl ore was believed -to be the lowest in several years.
Some beryl was produced in Colorado and South Dakota, but most mines reported
assessment work only. The largest domes-tic source of beryllium ore was the
Spor Mountain bertrandite mine near Del-ta, Utah. Production of beryllium-copper
alloy increased, but the production of metal declined from that in 1971.
 Brush Wellman, Inc. (Brush), converted bertrandite from its Utah mine to
beryllium hydroxide at Del-ta, Utah, and shipped the hydroxide to Elmore,
Ohio, for further conversion to metal, alloys, and compounds. Brush also
has beryl processing facilities at Elmore. 
 Kawecki Berylco Industries, Inc., (KBI) used beryl for its primary ore,
most of which was imported. The beryl was processed at Hazelton, Pa. Further
processing and fabricating was -done at both the Hazelton and the Reading,
Pa., plants. 
CONSUMPTION AND USES 
 The beryllium industry consumed beryllium ore equivalent to 7,781 shor-t
-tons of beryl containing 11% BeO. There was less beryllium metal and beryllium
oxide ceramics shipped in 1972 than in 1971, but there was a -substantial
increase in the amount of beryllium-copper master alloy shipped in 1972.
Beryllium-copper alloy products consumed the largest quantity of beryllium.
These alloys combine the properties of good electrical and thermal conductivity,
strength, hardness, and resistance to fatigue, corrosion, and wear. They
are 
used in an ever-increasing variety of electrical and electronic systems.
Berylliumcopper also is used increasingly as a tooling material for molding
plastics. 
 Beryllium metal is being used where a high strength-to-weight ratio is needed,
as in -the aerospace industry. It was used for optical structures in space,
for X-ray windows, and in missile parts and nuclear structures. 
Beryl Ores, Arvada, Cob., bought beryl ore to process for the ceramics industry.
STOCKS 
Consumer stocks of hand-sorted beryl at 
-the end of 1972 totaled 6,913 short tons compared with 6,299 short tons
at yearend 
1971. Dealers' stocks of beryl are not reported. Stocks of bertrandite are
company confidential data. 
PRICES AND SPECIFICATIONS 
 Domestic beryl prices were negoti-ated betweets producers -and buyers and
were not quoted in the trade press. The price of imported beryl probably
was negotiated. In February -the quoted price range for imported beryl was
reduced as a result of the weak market to a range of $30 to $35 per short
ton unit from the $35 to $37 range in January. This price range was quoted
until yearend.2 
 Prices for beryllium metal products remained steady throughout 1972. Beryllium
billet was quoted at $70 per pound, 98% powder prices ranged from $54 to
$66 per pound, and 5-inch diameter rod at $102 per pound. 
 Beryllium-copper master alloy started the year quoted at $54 per pound of
contained beryllium and dropped June 1 -to $53 per pound, the yearend price.
Casting ingot containing 2% to 2.25% beryllium in copper started at $2.10
per pound, dropped on June 1 to $2.06 per pound, and stayed at that level
the remainder of the year. The quoted price for Alloy 25 was $3.14 per pound
un-til June 1 and dropped to $3.05 per pound through yearend. 
2 Metals Week. V. 43, Nos. 1—52, January 
-December 1972. 


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