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Leahy, R. B. (ed.) / The progressive bee-keeper
Vol. XI [XIII], No. 12 (Dec., 1903)

[Articles and opinions pertaining to beekeeping],   pp. [321]-334

Page 322

keep its place without a weight to
hold it down, must necessarily be
heavy and cumbersome to handle. If
not heavy enough to retain its place
by its own weight it must be weighted
down with stones, bricks or sone
other cumbersome and unsightly arti-
cle, or else in some way be fastened to
the hive body or cover, all of which
takes extra labor in manipulating.
Probably I cannot thoroughly sym-
pathize with the bee keeper who is
not situated so as to have ready access
to suitable shade simply because I am
fortunately situated myself in this par-
ticular respect, but I really think
there Is little or no excuse to be offered
for shade boards. Why not have the
apiary so placed that the bee keeper
as well as the bees may enjoy the cool
shade during the hot summer months?
-just the time when we must do the
most work with them.
My first choice for a shade is the
shade furnished by nature, by the
broad spreading branches of our na-
tural forest trees, and in order to se-
cure such shade I would be willing to
move the bees a considerable distance
from the dwelling. I know that many
bee keepers have not access to such
shade, and in that case I should take
the second choice which is a suitable
shed which need not necessarily be
very expensive and in some respects
is better than shade trees. It is not
actually necessary that the roof of
such a shed should tUrn water and
therefore it may be made of cheap
material, though, of course, if one has
the means it would be best to erect
a good, substantial structure.
No doubt some will object to this,
claiming that where they live mater-
ial is too expensive and that they have
too many colonies to thus protect them.
In that case I tell you what I believe
I would do. I would get some posts and
poles and erect a frame work and cover
it with brush. straw. hay or some
other material that would afford a
shade, and fasten it down with wire to
keep the wind from blowing it off.
To have your bees in the full glare
of the summer sun is cruel, and to
work in such a place yourself when it
might  be   avoided  is redculous.
Imagine a man on a clear red hot day
in July going up to a hive; first lift off
a heavy stone and place it somewher ,
then a shade-board and place it some-
where else, then the hive cover a! d
place it somewhere else, if he can find
room for it without walking three or
four st ps. He is then ready to com-
mence work in the hive, with great
drops of perspiration running down
into his eyes. Oh my! How would yo
like to he the bee keeper?
Across the way is aneighbor beneath
the broad spreading branches of a
stately elm, looking as cool as a cu-
cumber. He goes to a hive, removes
the cover and is ready to manipulate
the frames. Which would you rather
Unless a shade board is as big as a
barn door it only shades a part o the
hive at a given time and affoi ds little
protection earlier in the day than 10
o'clock a. in. or later than 3 o'clock
p. in. and in this climate the heat is
usually the most suffocatinz just about
4 o'clock p. m. just when the sun has
dropped low enough in the vest to
pour its red hot rays underneath the
shade board and give the south and
west sides of the hive a regular broad-
Some questions to bee keepers:
Where are you going to sell your
honey? Are you going to put the price
on it and sell it or are you going to
ship it to some large city away off and
let some one else put a price on it?
Have you noticed the quotations in the
bee journal? If you ship your extract-
ed honey and it sells at six and a h.lf
cents per lb. after you deduct cost of
cans. freight and commission, how

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