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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook mineral industries of Asia and the Pacific 1992
Year 1992, Volume 3 (1992)

Lyday, Travis Q.
Laos,   pp. [244]-246 ff. PDF (869.1 KB)


Page 246

TABLE 1 
LAOS: ESTIMATED PRODUCTION OF MINERAL COMMODITIES' 
(Metric tons unless otherwise specified) 
1988 
4,500 
15,000 
' 80,000 
30,000 
' 300 
1989 
' 6,875 
' 37,925 
' 104,000 
' 7,950 
' 127 
1990 
6,500 
30,000 
r ' 53,034 8,000 
' 500 
1991 
7,000 
35,000 
' 76,776 8,000 
300 
1992" 
7,000 
35,000 
' 79,863 8,000 
300 
Gypsum __________________ ______ 
Salt, roe 
Tin, mine output, Sn content "Preliminary. ' Revised. 
iTable includea data available through June 2, 1993. 
' In addition to the commodities listed, crude construction materials such
as sand and gravel aed varieties of atone presumably are produced, but available
information is inadequate to make reliable estimates of output levels. '
Reported
figure. 
246  THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF LAOS—1992and its tributaries. An additional
2,897 km is sectionally navigable by craft drawing less than 0.5 m. 
 The country has one 136-km pipeline for refmery products, thought to be
in the process ofbeing extended from Vientiane to Vinh, Vietnam. 
 Power is generated by a 150-MW hydroelectric plant about 70 km north of
Vientiane on the Nam Ngum, an effluent of the Mekong, and a 45-MW plant on
the Nam Seset. Other than what is consumed in the Vientiane area, most of
the output, about 80% , is exported to Thailand. An additional 3 MW of capacity
is distributed among several smaller hydroelectric plants, and about 14 MW
of capacity is provided by a number of diesel units in various parts of the
country. 
 Laos is only on the verge of social, political, and industrial development.
The country ostensibly has possibilities for mineral development with consequent
benefits to the economy. The principal problem is a lack of capital to develop
infrastructure and industry, although legislation has been enacted to attract
foreign capital. 
Commodit? 
Cement (from imported clinker) Gemstones (sapphires) carets 


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