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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook area reports: international 1980
Year 1980, Volume 3 (1980)

Karpinsky, Tatiana
Czechoslovakia,   pp. 283-298 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 298

298 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1980 
Italy) and to the German Democratic Republic and Yugoslavia, while the system
also supplies natural gas for Czechoslovakia's own needs. 
 Czechoslovakia is compensated by the U.S.S.R. with natural gas deliveries
for its participation in the building of the gas pipeline and for the transit
of the gas across Czechoslovakia territory. In the 1981-85 5year plan period,
the transit gas pipeline is to transport 210 to 230 billion cubic meters
of gas, of which 40 billion cubic meters are to be for Czechoslovakia's economy.
 The gas generated in Czechoslovakia's own Sokolov brown coal basin near
Zaluzi is carried by a 350 to 500 millimeter pipeline to Prague, Brno, and
Central Slovakia. From Vresova it is carried to Brno and from Usti nad Labem
to Ostrava. 
 Petroleum.—The Friendship pipeline, which went into operation
in 1962,
carried 18.8 million tons of crude oil from the U.S.S.R. to Czechoslovakia
in 1980. About 0.5 million tons of crude oil was imported from nations of
the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Annual deliveries
of Soviet oil, which provides most of Czechoslovak needs, are slated to remain
at the 1980 level of 18.8 million tons under the trade agreement for exchange
of goods between the two countries. Czechoslovakia participated in the construction
of the Adria oil pipeline (together with Yugoslavia and Hungary) leading
from Rijeka 
in Yugoslavia over Sisak and the territory of Hungary to the Czechoslovak
border at Tupa where it is linked to the Druzba pipeline. The Adria pipeline
was put into operation at the end of 1979 and is to be used for crude oil
coming from OPEC to Czechoslovakia and other countries. Indigenous crude
oil was produced mainly in the southeastern part of the South Mountain region
and in the West Slovak region, and was relatively insignificant. 
 In September 1980, the second petrochemical complex was completed at Litvinov
in North Bohemia. The enterprise will soon achieve production capacity of
450,000 tons per year ethylene, 270,000 tons per year propylene, and 170,000
tons per year benzene. 
 1Foreign mineral specialist,~Branch of Foreign Data. 
 2Officiai exchange rate for Czechoslovakia korunas (Kcs) to U.S. dollars
was Kcs5.25=US$1.OO (April 1980). 
 3Rude PravO. Jan 23, 1981, pp. 1-3. 
 4Statisticka Rocenka Ceskoslovenske Socialisticka Republiky (Statistical
Annual of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic) (Prague). 1980, p. 358. 
 Pages 361-362 of work cited in footnote 4. 
 6Rude Pravo. Dec. 30, 1980, p. 1. 
 7Zahronicni Obhod, (Foreign Trade) (Prague). No. 10-11, 
1980, pp. 13-14. 
 5Czechoslovak Foreign Trade (Prague). No.4, 1981, p. 46. 
 5Rude Pravo. Aug. 8, 1980, pp. 1-2. 
 10Mlada Fronta (The Youth Front)(Prague). Nov. 15, 
1980, p. 3. 
 11Lidova Deniocracie (People Democraty) (Prague). Dec. 
9, l98l,p. 1. 
 12Czechoslovak Foreign Trade (Prague). No.3, 1981, p.3. 
 ' 3Work cited in footnote 9. 
 ' 4Work cited in footnote 10. 


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