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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Briggs, Ted C.
Nitrogen,   pp. 881-896 PDF (2.1 MB)


Page 889

NITROGEN 
 For future fertilizer supplies, India signed contracts with foreign producers
and planned expansions of domestic fertilizer plants. A $14.4 million contract
was signed with the Japan Ammonium Sulphate & Urea Export Co. Ltd. for
200,000 tons of urea. Contracts were signed for 460,000 tons of urea from
Bulgaria for hiture delivery, and negotiations were underway with Kuwait
for 350,000 to 500,000 tons of urea and 250,000 tons of liquid ammonia. 
 Mangalore Chemicals and Fertilizers started construction of an $80 million
ammonia and urea complex based on naphtha feed stock. The plant location
is at Panambur, in Mysore State, in southern India, and Mangalore had been
licensed to produce 220,000 tons per year of ammonia and 340,000 tons per
year of urea. 
 Also, India was shopping in the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia for equipment
for coal-based fertilizer projects planned for Korba, Talcher, and Ramagundam.
An Indian technical team returned emptyhanded from an earlier shopping trip
to the United States, Western Europe, and Japan.29 
 -The Indian Ministry of Petroleum and 
Chemicals continued to put forward optimistic plans for future fertilizer
production, and plans -were presented to double nitrogen fertilizer capacity
by 1979. India hoped to achieve self-sufficiency in nitrogen fertilizers
by 1977, but, historically, earlier plans have failed to meet stated goals.
For example, a capacity to produce 3 million tons of nitrogen in fertilizers
by 1974 was planned, but only 2.3 million tons of nitrogen capacity now seem
possible and actual capacity may be below this amount. 
 At the beginning of the "Fourth Plan" nitrogen capacity was just over 1
million tons per year. Capacity was increased to 1.34 million tons per year
in 1970—71, and during 1971—72 two new ammonia plants went into
production which, together, increased capacity to 1.53 million tons per year.
 The ministry pointed out that if its assumptions prove to be invalid, then
production will be set back. The supply of power at Nongal was one important
factor which was assumed. A second assumption was that production would not
suffer be. cause of labor problems.30 
 Indonesia.—P. T. Pupuk Sriwidjaja, Indonesia's Government-owned petrochemical
889 
company, selected M. W. Kellogg Co. as general contractor for the major portion
of an $84 million fertilizer and petrochemical complex to be built on the
Musi River near Palembang, in southern Sumatra. Kellogg will have responsibility
for the erection of all process and offsite facilities except for gas gathering
and transmission. 
 The plans called for the erection of a 660-ton-per-day ammonia plant which
Kellogg will design and engineer, and a I,150-ton-per-day urea plant using
the dcsign of Mitsui Toatsu Co. which will be engineered by Toyo Engineering
Co. of Japan. The plant will use 42 million standard cubic feet per day of
natural gas feedstock, which will be piped approximately 70 miles from Sumatran
natural gasfields.31 
 Ireland.—Nitrogin Eireann Teorala of Ireland awarded a contract in
excess of $2,6 million for the expansion of its calcium ammonium nitrate
facilities at Arklow, County Wicklow. Woodall-Duckha,n Ltd., of the United
Kingdom, was the selected contractor and the Kaltenback procen was to be
used. Plant capacity will be 150,000 tons per year.32 
 Italy.—A subsidiary of Italy's stateowned energy group brought onstream
one of the largest ammonia and urea complexes in the world. Ammonia capacity
was 1,500 tons per day, and urea capacity was 1,100 tons per day. The site
of the new plants was at Monfredonia in the Mezzogiorno, Italy's southern
development area. Because the complex is located in an area with scarce water
supplies, extensive use was made of air coolers and condensers.33 
 Japan.—Signs pointed, for the first time in 5 years, to an improved
outlook for Japan's chemical fertilizer industry, mainly because of improvements
in exports. The Japan Ammonium Sulphate & Urea Export Co. Ltd. reported
that, at the end of the fertilizer year, the country's two most important
chemical fertilizers, ammonium sul"Chemical Week. Indian Fertilizer Gap Gets
Wider. V. 111, No. l6~ Oct. 18, 1972, p. 43. 
 " Chemical News. Indian N Fertilizer 
Plan Optimistic. V. 22, No. 540, July 7, 1972, p. 
16. 
 31 Marketing Reporter. Ammonia, 
Urea Project Is Slated for Indonesia. V. 200, No. 20, Dec. 20, 1971, p. 7.
 "Chemical Marketing Reporter. Ammoniurn Nitrate Project. V. 201, No. 19,
May 8, 1972, p. 
7. 
 "Chemical Marketing Reporter. Ammonia-Urea Facility Is Opened by Italy's
ANIC. V. 202, Nc>. 26, Dec. 25, 1972, p. 3. 


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