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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Briggs, Ted C.
Nitrogen,   pp. 881-896 PDF (2.1 MB)

Page 888

Ammonia capacity was 1,000 tons per day and the plant was designed by Humphrey's
& Glasgow of the United Kingdom. Another older ammonia plant was converted
for methanol production. Part of the ammonia production was converted to
urea in a plant with a capacity of 100,000 tons per year. 
 A large export market for Finnish urea was the People's Republic of China.
 Typpi Oy produced a high-analysis compound fertilizer by digesting low-grade
phosphate rock with nitric acid and extracting the resulting fertilizer material
with tertiary amyl alcohol.22 
 France.—An air separation plant with a capacity of 1,400 tons per
day of nitrogen was brought onstream by l'Air Liquide at Fos-sur-Mer, near
Marseille. Nitrogen production was divided into 340 tons per day of high-purity
nitrogen, 940 tons per day of 99% purity nitrogen, and 120 tons per day of
liquid nitrogen.23 
A nitric-acid-based fertilizer complex was 
started at Montoir-de-Bretagne near St. Nazaire. *The plant was to produce
600 tons per day of ammonium nitrate, 150 to 200 tons per day of compound
granulated fertilizers, and 30,000 tons per year of liquid fertilizers.24
 Germany, East.—The East German Industrie Import Anlagen signed a contract
with the Polish trade organization, Budinex, for the planning and construction
of an oil pipeline to link the East German petrochemical complexes at Schwedt
and Leuna. Leuna was the traditional center of East German nitrogen production
which supplied over 500,000 tons per year of ammonia. The most significant
development at Leuna was the gradual conversion of ammonia plants to petroleum
feedstock. Previously all of the ammonia units at Leuna were based on lignite
supplied from nearby coal workings. Schwedt was also an important center
for the production of fertilizers, and gases from a large petroleum refinery
located there were used as feedstock for ammonia production.25 
 Germany, West.—Domestic consumption of nitrogenous fertilizers increased
while domestic production and exports declined. Imports of ammonium nitrate,
ammonium sulfate, and urea supplied the 4% increase in domestic consumption.
The bulk of the imports came from East European countries and sold at prices
3% or 4% below the domestic prices. Exports of nitrogenous 
fertilizers declined; consequently production was expected to drop, with
some production units operating at 70% of capacity or less.26 
 Greece.—The fertilizer plant at Ptolemais of Nitrogenous Fertilisers
Industry SA. was to expand its capacity by the installation of units with
capacities of 580 tons per day ~f ammonium sulfate, 440 tons per day of ammonium
nitrate, and 230 tons per day of nitric acid.2e 
 A battle took place through the Greek press over the decision of the state-owned
Nitrogenous Fertilisers Industry S.A. to expand its lignite-based ammonia
facilities. In a series of open letters to the Prime Minister in the Athens
Daily Post, an opponent of the project called for a reassessment because
he claimed the method for producing ammonia from lignite was outdated and
economically unjustifiable. 
 In reply to arguments against the project, the Board - of Directors of the
Nitrogenous Fertilisers Industry issued a lengthy statement in the same newspaper.
The Board of Directors said that the plants were a national industry of public
utility, a medium of application of rural policy of the Government, and not
an enterprise in which the state expected some short-term profits. Also,
the Board stated that the exploitation of local lignite was a national duty.
Greece, lacking sources of liquid fuels and natural gas, had based its policies
on the utilization of local resources and was continuing to follow this policy
despite high investment cost.28 
 India.—The Indian Government's crash program to raise an additional
16.5 million tons of grain aggravated the Nation's chronic fertilizer shortage.
Meeting the grain quota added 480,000 tons to India's nitrogen fertilizer
 "European Chemical News. Finland Launches Massive Growth In Petrochemicals.
V. 21, No. 514, Jan 7, 1972, pp. 16—20. 
 "European Chemical News. L'Air Liquide Starts 02 Unit at Fos. V. 22, No.
559, Nov. 17, 1972, p. 8. 
 ' 4Chemical Age. Gardiloire Large Fertiliser Complex Starts Up. V. 104,
No. 2751, Apr. 7, 1972, p. 15. 
 23European Chemical News. Poland To Build Second Schwedt-Leuna Link. V.
22, No. 541, July 
14, 1972, p. 10. 
 26 European Chemical News. Germany Fails To Stem Fertilizer Import Flood.
V. 22, No. 536, June 9, 1972, p. 8. 
 27 Chemical Age International. Ptolemais Order Further Uhde Fertiliser Units.
V. 104, No. 2763, June 30, 1972, p. 18. 
 26European Chemical News. AEBEL Defends Ammonia-From-Lignite. V. 21, No.
514, Jan. 7, 1972, p. 12. 

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