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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Reno, Horace T.
Nickel,   pp. 871-879 ff. PDF (1017.9 KB)


Page 877

NICKEL 
approximately 70% of its rated annual capacity. 
 Greece.—Société Minière et Métallurgique
de Larymna S.A. (LARCO), the only active nickel producer in Greece, engaged
in an expansion program designed to increase its nickel productive capacity
from 1,100 to 1,750 tons per month. 
Indonesia.—Indonesian production of nickel in 1972 was stimulated by
a pricing dispute between Japanese consumers and the -nickel producers in
other areas of the Pacific. With Japanese help, PN Aneka Tambang (Aneka),
the state mining corporation, was building a smelter at Pornalas to process
low-grade (1.8% nickel) laterite to 22% ferronickel. P.T. International Nickel
Indonesia, a wholly owned subsidiary of INCO, announced agreement with six
Japanese companies for equity participation in its planned nickeliferous
laterite mining and processing facilities on the island of Sulawesi. The
Japanese companies are to provide sales of the ferrous laterite mining and
processing facilities project output over a 15-year period. It is expected
that INCO's equity in the project will be 
877 
60% and that of the Japanese participants 
20%; the remainder will be held by 
Indonesians. 
 New Caledonia.—Nickel ore production in New Caledonia in 1972 was
2% less than that produced in 1971 because a dimgreement on prices with Japanese
consumers shut down a large segment of the independent nickel mining industry.
However, ore mining by that segment of the industry producing for processing
in New Caledonia increased. Overall nickel production was down 4% compared
with that in 1971, but ferronickel and matte production increased 28% and
25% respectively. Nickel ore exports to Japan were 42% less than exports
in 1971. 
 The high level of production of nickel products in New Caledonia was maintained
with the help of a group of consumers in France that, under French Government
guidance, established a nickel stockpile of 38 million pounds. 
 The worldwide imbalance between nickel supply and demand delayed some plan-ned
nickel projects in New Caledonia and caused revision of others. The agreement
Table 11.—Nickel: World production' by country 
(Short tons) 
Country' 
1970 
1971 
1972' 
Australia (content of concentrate)                                 
Brazil (content of ore) '                                      
Burma (content of speiss)                                    
Canada'                                                     
Cuba: 
' 32,810 3,200 
23 
305,881 
35,866 
3,500 
26 
294,342 
39,442 
 3,500 
29 
256,467 
Content of oxide'                                         Contentof sulfide'
Dominican Republic                                       
Finland: 
20,400 
18,400 
' 39 000 
'  
220 
40 000 
'  
19,800 
Content of concentrates                                Content of nickel
sulfate                                 
5,634 
 165 
3,867 
 136 
5,700 
e 165 
Greece (recoverable content of ore)                             
Indonesia(contentofore)4                                  
Mexico (content of ore)                                     
Morocco (content of nickel ore and cobalt ore)                     
New Caledonia (recoverable) 6                                
Norway (content of concentrate)                               
Poland (content of ore)'                                 
Rhodesia, Southern (content of concentrate) '  -South Africa, Republic of
6                              U.S.S.R. (content of ore) '              
                        United States                                   
 9,526 
' 17,200 
49 
152 
116,164 
234 
 2,200 
12,000 
12,739 
120,000 
15,933 
"11,800 
21,800 
' 55 
 ' 220 
112,751 
* 220 
' 2,200 
' 12,800 
14,067 
130,000 
17,036 
* 12,100 
24,788 
' 56 
254 
110,424 
 * 220 
 2,200 
18,200 
12,849 
140,000 
16,864 
Total '  
692,710 
699,906 
698,007 
 * Estimate. '  Preliminary. ' Revised. 
 ' Insofar as possible, this table represents mine production of nickel.
Where data relate to some more highly Rrocessed form, the figures given are
used in lieu of actual reported mine output as a measure of mine output.
The following table gives metallurgical plant output, including data for
countries that mine no nickel, but that process imported ores, concentrates,
and/or other crude materials. 
 2In addition to the countries listed, Albania and East Germany also produce
nickel from mines, but available information is inadequate to make reliable
estimates of output levels. 
 a Refined nickel and nickel content of oxides and salts produced, plus recoverable
nickel in matte and concentrates exported. 
 4lncludes a small amount of cobalt not recovered separately. 
Nickel-cobalt content of metallurgical plant products, plus recoverable nickel-cobalt
in exported ores. 
 *Reported erroneously as refined metal in previous editions. 


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