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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook area reports: international 1963
Year 1963, Volume IV (1964)

Denton, Thomas C.
Basutoland, Bechuanaland, Swaziland,   pp. 855-859 ff. PDF (578.3 KB)

Page 855

758—002—65-—---55The Mineral Industries oF the British
High Corn mission Territories o~ Basutoland, Bechuanaland, and Swaziland
By Thomas C. Denton1 
IN 1963 the British Territories of Bechuanaland and Swaziland in southern
Africa produced several mineral commodities, of which 
 asbestos was most important. Production in Basutoland was limited to diamond.
The territories were under a High Commissioner, appointed by the Queen and
responsible to the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations. Ultimately
the Territories are to become self-governing and presumably independent.
Considerable progress toward that end was made during the year. 
 Complete statistics of imports and exports are not kept in the Territories
because for customs purposes they are treated as part of the Republic of
South Africa, which collects duties for them. The unit of currency used in
each of the Territories is the rand (R) 2 of the Republic of South Africa,
which is divided into 100 cents. 
 Source material, besides dispatches of the U.S. Foreign Service, largely
comprised publications of the Territories, articles appearing in the South
African press, trade journals, and company reports. For Swaziland Bulletin
2, The Mineral Resources of Swaziland, published ' by the Territorial Geological
Survey and Mines Department, was particularly useful. 
 Mineral surveys conducted in recent years in this mountainous ' territory
have resulted in discovery both of diamonds and of kimberlite rock from which
diamonds derive. No other economic minerals have been found in workable deposits.
Recorded exports of Basutoland diamonds were 5,110 carats2 valued at R153,423.
 Diamond prospecting jointly by De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd. (De Beers),
and Jack Scott failed to reveal deposits profitably workable on a large scale.
Mr. Scott therefore had relinquished his concession by the end of 1963. But
it was agreed that further work would be done to assist Basutoland Factory
Estates Development Ltd., a company nominated by the Basutoland Government
to investigate and exp1oit diamond deposits profitably workable on a small
1 Africa specialist. Division of International Activities. 
2 1 rand equals US$1.40, or 10 British shillings. 
De Beers Annual Report. 1963, p. 10. 

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