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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook area reports: international 1963
Year 1963, Volume IV (1964)

Nahai, L.; Wendel Clarence A.
Turkey,   pp. 1239-1256 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 1239

The Mineral Industry oF Turkey 
By L. Nahai' and Clarence A. Wendel2 
+ 
THE value of Turkey's crude mineral production in 1963 is estimated at US$150
million,3 4.2 percent more than in 1962. The value of crude minerals plus
that of steel, blister copper, and cement (after deducting as far as possible
the value of materials consumed in production of these commodities) is estimated
to be 8.5 percent more than in 1962, and equivalent to 3.5 percent of gross
national product (GNP) estimated at US$6.15 billion in 1963. 
 The country's first 5-year plan became operative on January 1, 1963. This
plan aims at raising the GNP from the equivalent of US$5.8 billion in 1962
to US$8.2 billion in 1967, or by an average of 7 percent annually. According
to the report of the State Planning Organization, the GNP rose by about 7
percent during 1963. Available information indicates that this rate of increase
was maintained or somewhat exceeded by the mineral industry as a whole. 
 Construction of the Er~gli steel mill continued during the year, and the
Antalya ferrochromium plant began production in April; the plant was closed
later because of lack of markets. Etibank, a Stateowned economic enterprise
with extensive mineral industry holdings, issued invitations to U.S. mining
companies for proposals on a feasibility study for development of three copper
deposits near the Black Sea coast under its concession. This organization
also concluded arrangements for purchase of Polish equipment for a boron
processing plant in the Marmara area. The Mineral Research and Exploration
Institute reported progress in mapping and exploration programs. In areas
closed to petroleum exploration by private industry, some 8,250 square kilometers
were examined for petroleum prospects. Another 70,000 square kilometers were
prospected for ores, lignite, and nonmetallic minerals, and 80,500 square
kilometers for phosphate and radioactive minerals. 
 Discoveries in 1963 reported by the Director of the Institute included 4.5
million tons of iron ore, 38 million tons of bauxite and diaspore, 28 million
tons of lignite, 13 million tons of low-grade phosphate rock, and uranium
ores containing 330 tons of uranium. 
 During the year the Government established an international phosphate and
chromium research center under an agreement with the Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development (OECD). 
 1 East-South Asia specialist, Division of International Activities. 
 2 attache, U.S. Embassy, Ankara, Turkey. 
 81n calculating this figure, half of the value of the blister copper produced
was assigned to copper ore, for which a figure was not available. 
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