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Becker, George C. / Fishes of Wisconsin
(1983)

Wisconsin fishes and fishery management,   pp. 18-37 PDF (8.3 MB)


Page 18

 
Wisconsin Fishes and 
Fishery Management 
Early Limnological and Fishery Research 
The University of Wisconsin has long been a leader in the science of limnology,
which deals with the physical, chemical, meteorological, and biological condi-
tions of ponds and lakes. Many basic limnological studies were conducted
by 
the team of E. A. Birge and Chancey Juday, who contributed a legacy of more
than 400 publications produced over more than four decades, beginning in
the 
last quarter of the nineteenth century. Their enormous impact on the science
of 
limnology is described at length by Frey (1963). 
  The Birge-Juday research attracted scientists from many foreign countries
to 
Madison, Wisconsin. Basic research from 1940 to 1961 in such areas as plank-
ton, odor detection by fish, homing migrations in fish, sun orientation in
fish, 
and the chemical composition of bottom muds, has been summarized by A. D.
Hasler (1963). The identification, investigation, and control of biologically
asso- 
ciated problems in freshwater environments, based on Wisconsin experience,
are discussed by Mackenthun et al. (1964) and Mackenthun and Ingram (1967).
  The earliest list of fishes from Wisconsin was provided by Lapham (1846:71):
  Among the fish afforded by our lakes and rivers are whitefish, salmon,
sturgeon, perch, 
bass, suckers, herring, pickerel or muskellunge, trout, catfish, sheep's
head, lawyers, 
and many others, nearly all valuable as articles of food for man. They are
caught in large 
quantities, and some are exported. The Indians at the north, where game is
scarce and 
where agriculture has not yet been introduced, live almost exclusively upon
fish, which 
are caught in vast quantities at the mouths of the rivers. The excellent
qualities of these 
fish for the table are too well known to need description here. 
  Between 1872 and 1877, P. R. Hoy published a series of articles on Wisconsin
fishes, culminating in 1877 (Hoy 1883) with a list of over 100 species, the
long- 
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