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Freshfield, Douglas William / The Exploration of the Caucasus
(1902)

Holder, J. G.
Chapter XIV: mountaineering in 1888: Dykhtau and Katuintau,   pp. 21-37


Page 21

CHAPTER XIV 
MOUNTAINEERING IN 1888 
DYKHTAU AND KATUINTAU, BY H. W. HOLDER 
The joy of life in steepness overcome 
And victories of ascent, and looking down 
On all that has looked down on us, and joy 
In breathing nearer heaven. 
TENNYSON. 
the close of the season     in 
1887   the  attack   on  the 
Central Group of the Cau- 
casus had only been opened. 
Some   minor successes had 
been won, some of the out- 
posts of the great fortress 
had surrendered, Gestola and 
'etnuld, two summits loftier 
than Mont Blanc, Ukiu, a crest of over 14,200 feet, bad been 
trodden by human feet.    But the three citadels all held out, 
Shkara, Dykhtau, Koshtantau, and half a dozen peaks higher than 
any that had yet fallen in this part of the chain remained 
unvanquished. 
The climbs already accomplished had, however, pointed the 
way to further victories. The separate individuality of Shkara 
and its two great neighbours had been made clear; they were 
definitely put in their proper places on the map. The approaches 
to them had been proved to be practicable. Consequently, in 
1888 the great peaks of the Caucasus were assaulted seriously, 
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