Moulton, Robert H.
Intensive farming for women: the work and the profit, pp. 510-513
INTENSIVE FARMING FOR WOMEN At the Thatcham farm three crops are raised every twelve months, and these crops, moreover, are on the market ahead of the season! This is the secret of the big profits. A palisade of zinc plates encloses the whole field. These are sunk for some distance into the ground, and are for the purpose of thoroughly conserving all the nutriment. For the first planting are employed large bell-shaped glasses, called "clochers" on the Continent. When the plants underneath, after proper exposure to the sun, have advanced far enough in their development, they are transferred to regular glass- covered frames, that the women have also built themselves. Lettuce is one of the important crops. To start with, five plants are grown under each clocher. This gives ample room for them to develop. Cauli- flower is also a favorite crop, and even carrots are found to be profitable. The plants thus selected, it will be noted, are of the hardy sort, and with ordinary care there is but little danger from the blight of frost. Protective mattings made of willow wands, of the flexible branches of bushes, or of big bundles of dry straw or hay, are used to maintain a sufficiently warm tem- perature in time of need and to exclude the biting winds and nipping frosts. "CLOCHERS," THE BELL-SHAPED GLASS FOR FORCING PLANTS USED ON THATCHAM FARM. There are no paths on this little farm, either for walking or for the use of wheel- barrows. Space is too valuable. All the fertilizer is taken thither in baskets, and the vegetables, when ready for the market, are carried away by the same means. Manure, zinc plates, and the clochers had to be purchased, as stated. Practically everything else, however, was made or done by the individual efforts of the women. For the frames of glass they sought out photo- graphic firms, who sell their old negatives at a low price. They cleaned these off and had good material from which to build their little hothouses. At first it seemed rather difficult and a bit THE THATCHAM FARM, WHERE THREE CROPS ARE RAISED EVERY TWELVE MONTHS THROUGH INTENSIVE CULTIVATION: ENTIRELY UNDER THE MANAGEMENT OF WOMEN. 5'1
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