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Gustav Stickley (ed.) / The craftsman
Vol. XIV, Number 4 (July 1908)

Forbes-Lindsay, C. H.
The rural settlement: its social, economic and ├Žsthetic advantages,   pp. 407-416 PDF (3.1 MB)


Page 413


THE RURAL SETTLEMENT-
and plan. In the central position, corresponding to that occupied by
the Indian stronghold and the Mormon temple, will stand the school
building with the main roads converging upon it. Around this, along
the sides of the public square, will be ranged the town hall, post
office, public library, telephone exchange, telegraph office and fire
station. Two blocks of the main street are planned to accommodate
stores and business offices. The plaza itself will afford a playground
for the children and a resort for their elders, as it does in Spanish-
American towns. The inner portion of the settlement will be occu-
pied by residences with ample yards and flower gardens, while the
outer edifes are marked off in larger lots for occupation by dairies
and smaY1 truck farms.
   The little red schoolhouse will soon be no more than a picturesque
memory. The central graded school has such obvious advantages,
and its introduction has met with such unvarying success, that its
rapid establishment in all our agricultural districts is practically cer-
tain. It has been operated for several years with the most satisfactory
results in Kansas. A bus service is maintained in connection with
it for the purpose of carrying the children to and fro. The inno-
vation has been followed by the most marked improvement in health
and regularity of attendance. Representative Reeder, who is an
enthusiastic supporter of the system, lays great stress upon the moral
effect of a teacher in each of the conveyances. This arrangement
insures the children proper guardianship while absent from their
parents and curtails the opportunities of the "bad boy," whose
malign
influence is most frequently exerted on the road to and from school.
   The central graded school permits of the employment of a better
class of teachers and of the establishment of a more extensive course
of study. It is found that the cost of supporting it is little more, in
the case of the individual farmer, than the expense of maintaining
the small district school, with its distinctly inferior benefits. In con-
nection with the rural settlements of the Reclamation Service, the
system of central graded schools can be carried on with the maximum
of economy and effect.
HESE rural settlements will enjoy not only an unlimited supply
      of good water for drinking and domestic purposes, but in most
      instances the irrigation works will furnish power for a great
variety of uses. Electric railroads will be installed, connecting one
town with another and affording ready access to all parts of the farm-
ing district. Aside from the convenient passenger service, such roads
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