Davidson, Thomas W.
The higher education of the breadwinners, pp. -241
time and energy, must have skill, otherwise he will have neither time nor energy left for any other sort of educa- tion. Spare time and energy are prime elements in the whole question. In any just order of society, each mem- ber will receive from society a just equivalent for what he contributes to it, If he is so unskilled that his work is not equivalent to a livelihood, he has no right to com- plain, when he suffers want. It must therefore, be the aim of every one who would humanize and elevate the breadwinners, to see that they have skill enough to earn their daily bread without depriving themselves of free time and energy to devote to living and spiritual culture. Supposing now, that all the breadwinners were in the condition that, being able to earn a living in, say, eight hours a day, they had consid- erable free time; they might still remain uncultured and sordid, their tastes vulgar or depraved. They might still have little rest and joy in life, little inspiring outlook. They might still not be valuable members of society. We have not done our whole duty by the breadwinners; when we have made them comfortable, we must go fur- ther and make them cultured and wise. Now, what must be the nature of such culture and wisdom? We may answer: such as shall enable their recipients to play worthy and generous part in all the relations of life and to enjoy those high satisfactions that come of such worthiness. We may express this other- wise, by saying that they must be such as to enable a man to know and understand his environment; to take an intelligent interest in all that goes on, or has gone on in the world; to enter into lofty personal relations, and to live clean, tasteful, useful, self-respecting lives. The re- lations for which culture should prepare are, (1) personal, (2) domestic, (3) social (including economic), (4) politi- cal. It would be possible to arrange a system of educa- tion on the basis of this classification; but it is not neces- sary to do so. The different relations, however, ought 236 THlE CRAFTSMAN
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