Jones, Inigo, 1573-1652; Charleton, Walter, 1619-1707; Webb, John, 1611-1672 / The most notable antiquity of Great Britain, vulgarly called Stone-Heng, on Salisbury Plain, restored, by Inigo Jones ... To which are added, the Chorea gigantum, or Stone-Heng restored to the Danes, by Doctor Charleton; and Mr. Webb’s Vindication of Stone-Heng restored, in answer to Dr. Charleton’s reflections; with observations upon the orders and rules of architecture in use among the ancient Romans. Before the whole are prefixed, certain memoirs relating to the life of Inigo Jones; with his effigies, engrav’d by Hollar; as also Dr. Charleton’s, by P. Lombart; and four new views of Stone-Heng, in its present situation: with above twenty other copper-plates, and a compleat index to the entire collection
Stone-Heng restored, pp. 1-72 ff.
ST 6 E-HEFN GReflord much lefs able were they, without all Peradventure, to undertake fo great a Work as Stone-Heng, wherein, as all rational Men muft grant, numbers of Men employed, and many Years taken up, before brought to its abfolute Perfeffion. But, nothing can better exprefs the Ignorance of that Age, than the barbarous Manner of Infcription upon the Tohib of the Britlfb Heor King A4rthuri Nephew to A. Ambrofus, found long fince in the Church-yard of the Abbey at Glaflenbury, the Letters whteof, being exadly teprefented to our View by Camden, do, cam.fa. i2z. as by Demonfiration, fully difcover to us the Barbarifm of thofe Times. As, barbarous in thofe Charaters, fo were they ignorant in, and had loft the Ufe of all other Arts. Nor Exercqfe, nor Pragice of good Arts, was then amongfl them, faith the Hiftorio- grapher of Malmesbury. And well he might fo deliver him- felf, notwithfanding Matthew Wefiminfler tells us, 4. Ambrojius repaired Churches, which the Rage of Saxons, Enemies to Chri- fla Religion, fpoiled. For, befdes, the vaft Difference btxixt fuch Works as Stone-Heng, where Art overnafters the cffohiion Skill of Man, and making up the Decays of rtainated Buildit's, is apprehenfive even to the meaneft Cdpacitits: Gildas ahd Bek (whofe Antiquity and Learning the greater it i, the more is fhiir Authority acceptable) affirm, the Britains ia thofe Times knew not in what mannet to bring up bare Walls of Stone. Wlhen, the Roman Legion fent to aid the Britaiis by Valentinian the Third, under the Condo& of Gatio of Ravenna, was remande. hence, for Defence of Franre; before departing, they eihorted- the Britains to make a Wall overthwar t the Ijland, tb fe'cure themfelves from the Barbatians, Pigs, and Sits: which Wall, Pede tells us, was made iot fo much with Stone, as Turfs, con- fidering they bad no Vorkmen to bring up _ach Works of Sito#' and fo, (Oith the venerable Hiftorian) they didft up one, good for nothitig. 'Twas made by the rude, and unski/tul common Multi- tude, not fo much of Stone, as Turfs (faith Gildas alfo) none bein found able to give Direion for buildizg Woks of Stone. This was about thirty fix Years preceding A. Ambryzis's Gdvcif rit. fn which Time, the Romans abandoning Britaif, tigeri ufarip- ed; call'd in. the Sax ns to' his Aid,; wa depo'feXU his Nobility ; and Vortimerhis Son fet up. Wh6m Rlweta, having made away, Vortigern was re-enth-roniz'd. Hi'r A. A*4broius infades, aid hav- ing. burnt him-, together with Rowena in lales, afftimes the Crown as his; holding coinih':a War with the Saxons, until poifon by 9'afcentius as aforefaid.. It being. thu. that nothing but uivfrfflV Corfufi&b, and ddhuc- tive Broils of Wat, appeared' then in alt Patts; more anciernt, an-4 far more propitious Times muft be fdght 6ut fok d61gigi a' Strudure, fo exquifite in the Compoftdre as' this: even fli a flourifhing Age, as when Architeature in rare Perfeid;n, and& fuclN People lookt upon, as by continua4: Su-befs, Atain'ing unto- t.he, fole Power over. Arts, as well as Em ire a allI I a; fuch Times, and Pefons, becaufe rhof t4iings:' wli, atwtid not with the Courfe of Time, which by a g,&t&tal Confnt of Author' agree not 5 which by the. approved CuftoMi of a6knt Ags., and, Votes
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