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Jones, Inigo, 1573-1652; Charleton, Walter, 1619-1707; Webb, John, 1611-1672 / The most notable antiquity of Great Britain, vulgarly called Stone-Heng, on Salisbury Plain, restored, by Inigo Jones ... To which are added, the Chorea gigantum, or Stone-Heng restored to the Danes, by Doctor Charleton; and Mr. Webb’s Vindication of Stone-Heng restored, in answer to Dr. Charleton’s reflections; with observations upon the orders and rules of architecture in use among the ancient Romans. Before the whole are prefixed, certain memoirs relating to the life of Inigo Jones; with his effigies, engrav’d by Hollar; as also Dr. Charleton’s, by P. Lombart; and four new views of Stone-Heng, in its present situation: with above twenty other copper-plates, and a compleat index to the entire collection

Stone-Heng restored,   pp. 1-72 ff.

Page 5

             S T6 NE-H E               Reored.
fome Advantage made thereof to the Purpofe now in Hand. But
/ nglefey excepted, ancient Writers give them Refidence in no Part
of Britain befide, nor are they remembred by any, to have been
found elfewhere, throughout the whole Nation.     With refpe&
whereunto, if the Druids had Knowledge, either to build the like "
magnificent Strudures, or Ufe for any fuch, they would, without
all peradventure, have ere&ed them upon the fame Place rather
where themfelves refided, than elfewhere.
  Neither are we to wonder, they chofe fuch an Out. nook or
Corner as Anglefey, to refide in 5 in regard, there, they lived remote,
and folitary; there, were ftore of Caves, and Dens to inftru& their
Scholars in, clofe and retired Places for their own Habitations, and
plenty of Groves to perform their facred Myfteries in. Moreoverj
they paft their Days there, like the Hermits of old Time, accord-
ing to their own Defire, in full Contentment, and with free Liber-
ty to ftudy, and contemplate what they pleafed. iFor, Anglefey
(we muft know.)Ji thofe Times of preawaowlmdiy overgrown
with defert Woods, and obfiii hiefts, from whence the ancient
Britains call'd it Tais Dowil, the fhadowy or dark Ifland. Which
Name it frill retains, and is well 'known thereby to the now In-
habitants, who are, even- at this Day, likewife enclined, (yea, they
ufually accuftom themfelves) to commit things more to Memoryj
than Writing; and, as having received it by Tradition from their
Anceftors, living in thofe ancient Times, ftill endeavour to obferve
that Cuftom of the .Druids, who held it undwfrl to commit any
thing to writing. As, Cefar (in thefixthBook of his Commenta- Clef. Mm.b. 4.,
ties of the Gaulijb War }) delivers.:       ,
  Concerning the Britains in the next Place, The Condition of
thofe ancient Inhabitants of this Ifland in the.:fDruids Time duly
confidered, (viz. in, what manner they lived how unskilful in all
Sciences, and civil Cuftoms, what Deities they, had, in what Places
they adored them, and what manner of Buildings, .or facred-or fe-
cular, were ufed by them) aslittlc Reafon appears, -that thi An-
tiquity was by them er&-ed     .  .
  As for their manner of living, the Britains were then a favage -
and barbarous People, knowing no ufe at al of Garments. Veflis
ufum non cognofcunt (faith Herodian,.) Now;, if deftitut' of the Herodia ib. 3.
Knowledge, even to clothe themfelves, much lefs any Knowledge
had they to ere& ifately StruOures, or fuch remarkable Works as
Stone-Heng. What Eafhions they ufed to adorn their Bodies with,
the fame Author tells us. :s a, rare and, rich ' Habilim6nt, they
wore about their Wafts and Necks Ornaments  f Iron (faith he)
and did pounce and colour their- Bodies with fifndry Forms, ii
rude manner refentig feral Creatures. In which regard, they
would not be otherwife clothed, left conftraie'd thereby to hide
fuch their fimple (thoughwith them much effcemed) Bravery.
   Again, in other their civil Cuftoms, ,they -werno lefs rude-and
ignorant ; yea, fo barbarous, even in things appertaining to "COM-
mon Suftenance, and whatever Husbandry ;.,that. .( as Strabo )' Qt- X
dam eorum ob imperitiam cafeos nullos- confqcint, um tamjiba.e
abundent : ailii hortos colendi, &  aliarum partium agricutturx ig-
art unt. Many of them, though they had great plenty of Milk,
                                  C                         let

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