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Adam, Robert, 1728-1792 / The works in architecture of Robert and James Adam = Les ouvrages d'architecture de Robert et Jaques Adam
Volume I (1900)

Explanation of the plates [Kenwood],   pp. [6]-8


Page 7

EXPLANATION of the PLATES.
PLATE III.
Geometrical Elevations of the fouth and north Fronts of KENwoOID.
The portico to the north is the only part of that front which is new. The
decoration of the south front, excepting that of the weft wing, is entirely new,
and became in fome meafure neceffary, to conceal the brick-work, which
being built at different times, was of various colours. - The Attic ftory is a
late addition to the houfe, and was executed in a fingular manner, the walls
being raifed, and the new roof covered in, before the old one was removed ;
and thus was the houfe left habitable, and unexpofed to the injuries of the
weather, during the whole progrefs of this ufeful alteration.
PLATE IV.
Detail, or parts at large of the fouth Front.
PLATE V.
Section of one of the Sides oJ the great Room.
The fquare receifes on this tide are fitted up with glaffes, which, refleding
the obje&s that are feen from windows, have a molt lingular and beautiful
cte&f.
PLATE VI.
Section of one End of the great Room ;
Which thews the fcreen of columns that feparates the body, or middle part
of the room, from the circular receffes, the receffes themfelves, with the
manner of finithing the book-cafes. The freefe, over the columns, is enriched
with an ornament compofed of lions and the heads of deer ; the former being
the fupporters, and the latter the creft of the family. In this plate is alfb the
delign of the chimney piece, at large, elegantly executed in ftatuary marble.
PLATE VII.
The Cieling (f the great Room,
Which is in the form and ftyle of thofe of the ancients. It is an imitation of
a flat arch, which is extremely beautiful, and much more perfe& than that
which is commonly called the coved cieling, when there is height fufficient to
admit of it, as in the prefent cafe. The coved cieling, which is a portion or
quadrant of a circle around the room, and riling to a flat in the center, feems
to be altogether of modern invention, and admits of fome elegance in the
decoration. It is a fort of middle way, between the flat or horizontal cieling,
and the various forms of arched ones pradtifed by the ancients. As it does
not require fo much height as the latter mode, it has been found of great ufe
in the finifhing of modern apartments ; but, neither is it's form fo grand,
nor does it admit of fo much beauty of decoration, as the ancient arched
cielings; which confift of three kinds, the dome, the groin, and the plain
trunk arch, fuch as that now before us, with their various combinations.
All the cielings of the ancients, which continue ftill to be the objeds of
admiration, not only on account of their beauty, but alfo of their duration,
were executed in one or other of thefe modes.
I n
EXPLICATION des PLANCHES.
PLANCHE Ill.
llevation geometricale des Facades mdridiona/c et feptentrionale de
KENWOOD.
Le portique au nord ell la feule partie de cette facade qui foit nouvelle.
La d6coration de la facade mdridionale, a 1'exception de celle de l'aile i l'otielt,
ell tout i fait neuve, et 6toit en quelque forte ndceffaire, i fin de cacher les
murs de brique, qui, ayant 6t6 batis d diverfes reprifes, dtoient devenus dc
couleurs mi-parties. L'tage attique elt une addition nouvellement faite ,i la
maifon, et a 6t6 bAti d'une mani6re linguliare; les murailles etant coniruites,
et le nouveau toit couvert et achev6, avant que l'ancien ne fit otd. Par ce
moyen, la maifon refla en 6tat d'etre habit6e, et ne ffit point expofde aux
injures des faifons, pendant tout le progr~s de cc changement utile.
PLANCHE IV.
Detail, ou parties au large de la Facade mdridionale.
PLANCHE V.
Coupe latdrale du Salon.
Les renfoncemens quarr6s font orn6s de grands miroirs, dont il refulte un
lingulirement bel effet, par la refle&cion des tLuperbes objets qui se voyent des
fenetres.
PLANCHE VI.
Coupe di'un bout du grand Salon;
O Cise voit le rang de colonnes qui f6pare le corps du milieu des renfonce-
mens circulaires, auffi bien que les renfoncemens mdmes, et la mani~re dont
lont finies les armoires a livres. La frise, au deffus des colonnes, ell enri-
chic d'un ornament compof6 de lions et de totes de cerfs; les premiers etant
les supports, et la dernire le cimier des armoiries de ]a famille. Cette
planche contient aufli Ic deffein, en grand, de ]a chemindc, qui ell dlegamment
execut~e en beau marbre blanc.
PLANCHE VII.
Le Plajbnd d grand Salon,
Qui eli dans la forme et le gofit de ceux des anciens. C'est une imitation
d'une arche applatie, qui eli d'une beautd extreme, et beaucoup plus parfaite
que celle qu'on nomme commundment plafond i volute, oci il y a affez de
hauteur pour l'admettre, comme il y en a ici. Le plafond a volute, qui eli
une portion ou quart de cercle tout autour de la chambre, et fe terminant en
plat au centre, femble 6tre totalement d'invention moderne, et peut admettre
une certaine 6legance dans la ddcoration. C'est une forte de milieu entre les
plafonds plats ou horizontaux, et les diverses formes de plafonds voutds dont
fe fervoient les anciens. Comme il n'exige pas autant de hauteur que ces
derniers, on Fa trouv6 fort utile dans la flrufture des appartemens modernes :
mais il n'a pas la forme auffi majeflueufe, ni ne peut admettre autant de
beaut& de dicoration, que les anciens plafonds voutds; qui tbnt de trois
efpeces, fcavoir, le d6me, l'ombellique, et la limple arche en berceau, tel
qu'eft celui dont i1 s'agit ici, avec leurs diverfes combinaifons.
Tous les plafonds des anciens, qu'on admire encore, non seulement pour
leur beautd, mais aussi il caufe de leur longue dur~e, ont fit faits de l'une ou
l'autre de ces facons.
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