Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818 / Sketches and hints on landscape gardening : collected from designs and observations now in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally made : the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the art of laying out ground
[Concerning proper situations for an [a] house. cont.], pp. 27-28
28 times to avow the interference of art, than to attempt an ineffectual concealment of it. Such situations are peculiarly applicable to the Gothic style, in which horizontal lines are unnecessary. I These sections can only describe the shape of the ground as it cuts across in any one direction: but another shape is also to be considered: thus it generally happens that a knoll is longer one way than the other, or it may even extend to a natural ridge, of sufficient length for a long and narrow house; but such an house must be fitted to the ground, for it would be absurd in the architect to place it either diagonally or directly across such a ridge: the same holds good of the inclined plane, which is, in fact, always the side of a valley, whose general inclination must be consulted in the position of the building. A square house would appear awry, unless its fronts were made to corres- 'pond with the shape of the adjacent ground. I I shall conclude this digression by observing, that, on a dead flat or plain, the principal apart- ments ought to be elevated, as the only means of showing the landscape to advantage. Where there is no inequality, it will be very difficult to unite any artificial ground with the natural shape: it will, in this case, be advisable either to raise it only a very few feet, or to set the house on a base- ment story. But wherever a park abounds in natural inequalities, even though the ground near the house should be flat, we may boldly venture to create an artificial knoll, as it has been executed at Welbeck.'
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