Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818 / Sketches and hints on landscape gardening : collected from designs and observations now in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally made : the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the art of laying out ground
Chap. II. Concerning buildings, pp. 13-14 ff.
14 To my profession belongs chiefly the external part of architecture,* or a knowledge of the effect of buildings on the surrounding scenery. WELBECK.] As every conspicuous building in a park should derive its character from that of ' the house, it is very essential to fix, with some precision, what that character ought to be; yet the ' various tastes of successive ages have so blended opposite styles of architecture, that it is often diffi- ' cult, in an old house, to determine the date to which its true character belongs. I venture to deliver it as my opinion, that there are only two characters of buildings; the one may be called 15eripendi- cular, and the other horizontal. Under the first, I class all buildings erected in England before, and during the early part of, Queen Elizabeth's reign, whether deemed Saracenic, Saxon, Norman, or the * I am happy to defend my predecessor, as well as myself, from the imputation of blending architecture with garderning, by the following extract of a letter from the celebrated author of the ENGLIsH GARDEN: c I have lately had some correspondence with Mr. Penn concerning the intended monument you mention," (to Gray, the poet, who is buried in the church-yard, adjoining to Stoke Park), " and finding that he means to consult you on the subject, I have presumed to tell him, that he will do well if he gives you the absolute choice of the spot, as well as the size of the building which he means to erect to my excellent friend's memory: for though I hold the architectural taste of Mr. Wyat in supreme estimation, I also am uniformly of opinion, that where a place is to be formed, he who disposes the ground, and arranges the plantations, ought to fix the situation at least, if not to determine the shape and size of the ornamental buildings. Brown, I know, was ridiculed for turning architect, but I always thought he did it from a kind of necessity, having found the great difficulty which must frequently have occurred to him in forming a "picturesque whole, where the previous building had been ill placed, or of improper dimensions. I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, ASTON, April 2 4, 17 9 2. " W. MASON."
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