Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818 / Observations on the theory and practice of landscape gardening: including some remarks on Grecian and Gothic architecture, collected from various manuscripts, in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally written; the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the respective arts
Chapter I: Introduction--general principles--utility--scale--various examples of comparative proportion--use of perspective--example from The Fort--ground--several examples of removing earth--the great hill at Wentworth, pp. -8 ff.
on a nearer approach, I found that these apparent shrubs were really large trees, and only depressed by the greater height of the obelisk. A similar instance occurs at WELBECK; the large grove of oaks seen from the house across the water, consists of trees most remarkable for their straight and lofty stems; yet, to a .stranger, their magnitude is apparently lessened by an enormous large and flourishing ash, which rises like a single tree out of a bank of brushwood. When I was first consulted respecting WENTWORTH. HovsE, the lawn behind it appeared circumscribed, and the large trees which surrounded that lawn appeared depressed by four tall obelisks: these have since been removed, the stately trees have assumed their true magnitude, and the effect of confinement is done away. I have illustrated these observations by the example of an obelisk, because its height being indeterminate, it may mislead the eye as a scale; since according to its size and situation the very same design may serve for a lamp-post, a mile-stone in the market-place of a city, an ornament to a public square, or it may be raised on the summit of a hill, a monument to a nation's glory. The necessity of observing scale or comparative proportion, may be further elucidated by a reference to WEST WYCOMBE, a place generally known from its vicinity to the road to Oxford. Amongst the profusion of buildings and ornament which the false taste of the last age lavished upon this spot, many were correct in design, and, considered separately, in proportion; but even many of the designs, although perfect in themselves, were rendered absurd, from inattention either to the scale or situation of the surrounding objects. The summit of a hill is