Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818 / Fragments on the theory and practice of landscape gardening: including some remarks on Grecian and Gothic architecture, collected from various manuscripts, in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally written; the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the respective arts
Fragment VI. On castles, pp. -20
20 forms and heights; and lastly, in the outline of the base, by the building being placed on ground of different levels. To all these must be added, detached buildings, which tend to spread the locality, and extend the importance of the principal pile, in which some one feature ought to rise boldly above the rest of the irregular mass, while the whole should be broken, but not too much frittered into parts by smaller towers, or clusters of lofty chimneys. After all, no building can appear truly picturesque, unless in its outline the design be enriched by vegetation (such as ivy, or other creeping plants); and the colouring, by those weather stains, which time alone can throw over the works of Art, to blend them with the works of Nature, and bring the united composition into pleasing harmony. The usual manner in which books of Architecture have represented the elevations of buildings has been either geome- trically, without perspective to denote the projecting and reced- ing parts, or else perspectively as a bird's eye view supposed to be taken from an imaginary spot in the air. However intel- ligible these may be to professed Architects, they are as little comprehended by general observers, as the ground plan of a building by those who are not ashamed to acknowledge they do not understand a plan.* * The antiquities of this country, and the beauties of Gothic outline, have been of late more forcibly elucidated by various picturesque works; of which, that by Hearne and Byrne took the lead; and I cannot omit a tribute to the beautiful combination of correct Gothic Remains and Landscape Scenery displayed in the Antiquities of England published by Mr. Britton. These works have already been followed by many other ingenious productions, tending to increase the knowledge of English Antiquities, and the study of picturesque effect.
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