Papworth, John Buonarotti, 1775-1847. / Hints on ornamental gardening : consisting of a series of designs for garden buildings, useful and decorative gates, fences, railroads, &c. : accompanied by observations on the principles and theory of rural improvement, interspersed with occasional remarks on rural architecture
A fountain [cont'd], pp. 103-104 ff.
A FOUNTAIN. if the water requires to be brought from a yet greater distance the pipes must be of larger diameters. Unless the bends in pipes of communication from the re- servoir to the aperture or ajutage be easy and bold, the es- cape will be proportionally impeded; and to produce an even and regular jet it is necessary to apply a suitable air-vessel near to the ajutage, the construction of which is well known to manufacturers in copper, of which material they are usually constructed. The designs are simple in form, and consequently limited in show of water; but if the jets were amply supplied, the over- flow of the tables would produce the effect desired. Designs of this kind are now usually manufactured in artificial stone, or sculptured in Portland stone; as they were formerly of lead, the convertibility of which valuable metal undoubtedly assisted in the rapid disappearance of fountains as soon as they fell into disrepute. The present rage for cast iron will probably supercede the use of such leaden works, and as iron would offer no premium for their demolition, they may be expected to enjoy a longer triumph of fashionable importance in our gardens. 104
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