Papworth, John Buonarotti, 1775-1847. / Hints on ornamental gardening : consisting of a series of designs for garden buildings, useful and decorative gates, fences, railroads, &c. : accompanied by observations on the principles and theory of rural improvement, interspersed with occasional remarks on rural architecture
Trees and plants, pp. 81-83
TREES AND PLANTS. TREES AND PLANTS. The nature of the soil being ascertained, and due consideration bestowed on the character of the surrounding scenery, both having great claim on the attention of the landscape improver, the choice of forest trees will not be difficult; but as ample space must be allotted for the trees and shrubs more imme- diately ornamental, it will be proper to mark their respective sites on the general plan-to do which they may be considered in the following order, after having appropriated the spaces for the buildings, lawns, pastures, water, roads and walks:- FOREST TREES, for the leading features and characteristics of the place. Low-GROWTHS, to plant with them, for the purposes of thickening the bottom, to produce con- trasts, and occasionally to soften the outline forms. COPSE OR UNDERWOOD, to thicken. PLANTATION OR ORNAMENTAL TREES, for the immediate vicinity of the home walks, and to intersperse in suitable situations. EVERGREENS, to produce variety, and supply foliage ill the winter. SHRUBS, to ornament and soften. PLANTS AND FLOWERS, for embellishments. In the choice of trees for original planting it is needful to consider if the general character of connecting objects are, iil outline, best suited to the pointed forms of the fir, or to the rounding and undulating lines formed by other trees;- a-rain, as to the character of the architecture adopted: firs do not harmonize with the gothic style, its pinnacles and pointed M 81.
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