Pain, William (1730?-1790?) / Pain's British Palladio, or, The builder's general assistant.
A Description of the Designs in Pain's British Palladio., pp. 1-7
IN PAIN'S BRITISH PALLADIO. 3. PLATE XVIII. A design for a chimney-piece, with side-pilasters, and antique caps. The shaft of the pilasters is enriched with a vine, Bacchus's thyrsus, and side-blockings, with antique Roman jugs; the frize enriched with running foliage, and an oval tablet, with a group of fruit. Cornice and architrave moulding to half-size, with their ornaments. PLATE XIX. A design for a chimney-piece, Richly ornamented with term-pilasters and tablets, with Neptune, &c. and dolphins in blockings, and other ornaments, according to the present taste; with the cornice and other mouldings laid down to half-size. PLATE XX. A design for a chimney piece, With truss-terms, richly ornamented, with Apollo's head, and drops of husks, and trophies of music in blockings and side frizes, with a ring of laurels. A rich tablet, with Apollo and the nines Muses; and mouldings laid down to half-size, shewing the ornaments in clear and distinct manner. PLATE XXI. A design for a chimney-piece, With open pilasters, and truss and side frize, with rich foliage, and pines; the tablet, with the Contemplative Shepherd, and moulding to half-size. PLATE XXII. A design for a chimney-piece, With columns, and rich sestoons of fruit and flower, and oval tablets, with the emblems of Peace and Plenty. PLATE XXIII. Plan and elevation of a gentleman's house, the front rusticated the height of the principal story; the upper part plain between the pilasters. For the proportions of the pilasters and entablatures, see plate XXXII and XXXIII the rest is plain to inspection. The rooms on the principal floor: A the great room; B the withdrawing-room; H the hall; C the breakfast-room; D the common sitting-room; E best stairs; F the back stairs; G stairs to basement under the portico in front. The one pair of stairs room in front, over the hall, to be the height of the two stories: the other part of the one pair of stairs may be divide into six bed-rooms, by leaving off the walls a and b at the one pair of stairs floor, and throwing in truss-partitions to divide the rooms. The Attic rooms to be done in the same manner. Note, the center-room over the hall to have a cove one-eighth part of the height. PLATE XXIV. Plan and elevation of a gentleman's country-house, with a pavilion at each end, one for the steward's and housekeeper's apartments, and the other for the kitchen and scullery, cold larder, cooks' room, &c. A the housekeeper's apartment; B the stewards room; C the strong room; D office for the steward's clerk; R the kitchen; S the scullery; T the cook's room; U cold larder; E the stair-case up to the principal floor; F stair-case down to the basement; P the passage. Note, In the basement is the servants hall, butler's pantry, footman's room, cellars, &c. Rooms on the principal floor: A the hall; B the great dining-room; C the withdrawing-room; D the common sitting-room; F the little dining-room; E the drawing-room; H the hunting-room; G the state-room for the reception company; K the tribune, which has a gallery round the one pair of stairs floor; M the best stairs; N the back-stairs; L the library. Note, The height of the state-room to be the height of the two story. It is likewise designed for a screen of columns at each end, the height of one story, with the balustrade on the entablature, which will make a good music-gallery, by a way from back-stairs into it; and it will likewise be a passage to the two corner rooms up one pair of stairs: the Attic rooms will be continued over the state-room: the stair-cases and tribune are lighted by skylights. All the stair-cases go up to the Attic rooms, and the gallery goes round the tribune, which may be seen in the sections of plates XXV and XXVI. PLATE XXVII. A plan and finished section of a room. PLATE XXVIII. Two designs for stairs. PLATE XXIX. Two designs for ceilings. PLATE XXX. Designs for doors. PLATE XXXI. The Corinthian cap at large. PLATE XXXII. and XXXIII. To proportion the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian, Orders, on a subplinth, or on their own plinth, to any place required. Divide the height for the Doric order into 11 parts: one of those parts is equal to the diameter of the column. Give one to the subplinth, and two to the entablature; that is, 30 to the architrave, 45 to the firze, 45 to the cornices, and 8 to the column, including base and cap. The base at large, fig. B; the cap at large, fig. A; the entablature at large, and planceer of the cornices, fig. C, plate XXXIII. If the columns be set on its own plinth, divide the height into 10 parts, one of which is the diameter. To proportion the Ionic Order to any place required, on a subplinth, or on its own plinth. Divide the height into 12 parts; one is the diameter of the column. Give 1 to the subplinth; 2 to the entablature, and 9 to the column, including base and cap; fig. D, the base at large; fig E. the cap at large. If the column be set on its own plinth, divide the height into 11 parts, one of which is the diameter. Note, All the parts are figured from a scale made on the diameter of the column, as the scales A and B in plates XXXII. and XXXIII: the pairs are taken from the scales, and given to the mouldings, in height and projection, as figured. The entablature at large, with the planceer of the cornices, fig. F, plate XXXIII. To proportion the Corinthian Order to any place required, on any subplinth. Divide the height into 13 parts; one is the diameter of the column. Give 1 to the subplinth, 2 to the entablature, and 10 to the column, including base and cap. If the column be set on it s own plinth, divide the height into 12 parts, and one is the diameter. Fig. E, the Corinthian entablature, and planceer of the cornices; fig. C. and fig. D, in plate XXXII. the base and cap at large to the Corinthian column; fig. F, cap for the pilaster to ditto; fig. G, an antique Ionic cap: all the measures figured from the scale A B. Note, the Triglyphs in the Doric frieze are 30 minutes in front; the distance from center to center is 75 minutes; and the interval between is 45 minutes, equal to the height of the frieze. The breadth of the Ionic modillion is 10 minutes; from center to center 31 minutes; the interval 21 minutes. The breadth of the Corinthian modillion is 11 1/2 minutes; from center to center 35 minutes; the interval between 23 1/2 minutes. Two diameters 36 minutes, from center to center of columns, take 2 triglyphs; 3 diameters 45 minutes take 3 triglyphs; 5 diameters, 4 triglyphs; 6 diameters 15 minutes, take 5 triglyphs; 7 diameters 30 minutes, 6 triglyphs. In the Ionic order, 3 diameters 37 minutes, 7 modillions; 4 diameters 8 minutes, 8 modillions; 5 diameters 10 minutes, take 10 modillions; 6 diameters 12 minutes, take 12 modillions. In the Corinthian, 7 diameters take 12 modillions. The columns must be placed to receive the modillions, as above calculated, &c. Seven diameters 35 minutes, take 13 modillions; 6 diameters 25 minutes, take 11 modillions; 5 diameters 50 minutes, take 10 modillions, and so in proportion. For instance; suppose a frontispiece of the Corinthian order to a front door, the width of which is 3 feet 6 inches, and the height 7 feet 4 inches, that height is to be divided into 11 parts; one of Them C