Nieuhof, Johannes, 1618-1672 / An embassy from the East-India Company of the United Provinces, to the Grand Tartar Cham, emperor of China: delivered by their excellencies Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer, at his imperial city of Peking wherein the cities, towns, villages, ports, rivers, &c. in their passages from Canton to Peking are ingeniously described by John Nieuhoff; also an epistle of Father John Adams, their antagonist, concerning the whole negotiation; with an appendix of several remarks taken out of Father Athanasius Kircher; Englished and set forth with their several sculptures by John Ogilby
[Kircher appendix] Chap. XI. Of the wondrous stones and minerals in China., pp. 417-419 ff.
A.5(ASVS YT&H ER%'S rinfed by Fire, as other Linnen is by Water. See my *1 ,b. .?. l'd Jaocbeu, on the'Northern Bank of the River Po, in the which alone hath the honor to make the beff Porcelans es, fo highly efteem'd in Europe and elfewhere ; yet they from another City that hath that precious Vein of Earth S I I 4 1 1 A 4 - . * . - III in great abundance, which yields them.re ml Audits, not being able to make the like ufe thereof. The.Body of this Earth is rather of a fandy than clayie Sublfance, tender and brittle, which they knead, with often fprinkling Water, into a contiguous Pafte, thence raifing and nhodeling Veffels of what fize or Shape they pleafe, which they bake with great care by gentle, yet eontinu'd Heats, tiU they bring it to fome perfeQ ion; and being broken, they new mould 'them, bringing them almofi to their firft value. As the Mountains of China are replenifh'd with other Metals, fo alfo there are plenty of Gold and Silver Mines ; but by the Emperor's Edi~ts they are prohibited to dig them, becaufe from the virulent Exhalations of that Earth, the Workmen are cxpos'd to Difeafes and Death. But they have Golden Ore, which they extra& from the Sand of Rivers and Springs. And befides, they have thofe which promife to themfelves and others, Mountains of Gold by the.Art of Chymifiry ; and there is a Place near Pukiank in the Province of Sucheu, that boafis it felffor the Birth-place of Hoangtius, the firft Profeffor of Alchymie, and Tranfmutation of Metals into Gold, two thoufand five hun. dred years before the Birth of our Saviour. And that this Empire is rich in Gold and other Metals, the plenty of hot Baths, the abundance of Nitre, Alu. men, Vitriol, Sulphur, and Subterranean Fires, do fufficiently evidence. There is a Spring in the Province of Honan, the upper part of whofe Was ter is cold;- but if you thruft your Hand in a little depth, you will find it to be fcalding hot. But that which is mof worthy of admiration is, That in the Province of Xanfi are Wells of Fire, and thofe as common as Springs of Water in other Parts : the Inhabitants drefs their Meat therewith, clofing up the Mouth of the Well, that it admitteth of nothing elfe but the Pot or Kettle; and the Heat fo 418 W, ,
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