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Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / Gleanings of natural history : exhibiting figures of quadrupeds, birds, insects, etc. most of which have not, till now, been either figured or described
Part II (1760)

Chap. LXXI. Pla. 281. Four curious beaks of birds but little known; Quatre becs d'oiseaux peu connus,   pp. 150-153


Page 152

( 152 )
edge-like wedge towards the point of the
Bill. The general colour oi le whole is
a light horn-colour: the bafe of the low-er
mandible is a little tinged with red: the
bafe of both the horn and bill is blAc!1, as
are the toothed edges of both mandibles:
the point of the upper mandible, and the
end of the horn next it, are alfo black: the
noftrils are placed between the bill and
horn near the bafe of the bill : it is pretty
thick near its bafe, but cornpreffed fide-
ways near the point. Petiver, in his Ga-
zophyl. Nat. et Artis, has given the figure
of the upper mandible and horn of this
Bird; fee plate 31, fig. i, he fays, father
Kamel fent him this defign with his ma-
nufcript of Philippine Birds, now printed
in the Philofophical Tranfaaions, No. 285.
Petiver has alfo given a figure of the whole
Bird, though fomething inaccurately; fee
the fame work, plate 28, fig. 6. The Bill
I have given is drawn direftly from nature.
I find in books of Natural Hiftory a great
variety of Beaks of this family of Birds,
though we know hardly any thing of the
Birds themfelves. My friend Mr. Henry
Baker, F. R. S. &c. lent me this laff de-
feribed Beak.
C is the Beak of a Bird unknown to us:
it was lent me by the obliging Mr. Furzer,
of New-Inn, London, who told me it was
brought from the ifland of Sumatra, in the
Eaft Indies, where it is called the Friendly
Wood-bird, as its Indian name imports;
and that it defends men from danger when
they fleep in the woods. This feems to
belong to a genus of Birds different from
the two laft above described; the knob
above the bill being of a flattiflh convex
form forward, where it is of a whitifh co-
lour, the reft of the knob being red: the
whole bill is very heavy, the knob feening
to be of folid bone: the nofiril is feen in
the figure behind the knob: the bill is of a
dirty whitifh colour towards the point,
ajtz large et eais ver   a tte., et treyzcllant
-'vrs le bout, en f/rine de coin.  9-out le Bec,
en gebne'rai, fli d'un couleur de corne clair: lf
baJe de la ndacboire iiyle'rieure eJi tin peu t eizote
de rouge: la bqaJ, tant du bec que de la corne,
e/i noire : les bords denteles des deux machoires
fint noirs : la pointe de la mnzchoire fiepe'ri-
eure e/i de la metme coulcur, auji bien que le
bout anterieur de la corne: ies nafeaux fint
plact~s entre le bec et la corne, pres de la bafe
du bec, qui f afez epais -vers la bafe, vzaii
comprime de cote' vers Ia pointe.  Petiver a
donne' lafigure de lae macboireJupe'rieure et de
la corne de cet Oifeau*.   Il dit  ute le pere
Kamel lui avoit envoye' ce defein avecfsn ma-.
nufcript des Oifeaux des itles' Philippines, qui
efJ  a pre'ent imprime' dans its Tran/ac2iions
Philofophiques t.   Petiver a ai/i donne'une
figure de tout 1'OiJeau, mais peu    exa5eß.
Le Bec que je donne a eite' de/7ine' immediate-
ment d'apre's nature.     On trouve dans les
livres d'Hf/loire Naturelle une grande 'varit'>
de Becs de cette famille d'Oi/teaux, quoiqtue
nous ne connoi/ions prefque point les Oiy aux
memes. Mr. H. Baker, Membre de la Socie
Royale, m'a pre'te' ce Bec-ci.
Le Bec marque C elI d'un Oifeau qui nous
el inconnu: je it tiens de M. Furzer, de la
Nouvelle Cour d Londres, qui me l'a oblige-
amment prete', et qui m'a dit qu'il venoit de
l'/le de Sumatra dans les Indes Orientales, Ott.
on i'appelle d'un nomn qui Jignifie en langrage du
pays i'Oifau amical des bois, parce qu'ii de_
find etgarantit de danger ceux gui s'endor-
ment dans its forets: il paroiet appartenir a
une clajfe dile'rente des deux dont on a donne'
la defcription ci-deJiis: pufJfue it bouton die
dejus du bec efi d'une Jbrme convexe applatie
en devante, ou il ef d'une couleur blanchdtre:
* Petiver Gazophyl. Nat. et Art. pl. 3i, fig. i.
t No. 285.
ß Petiver, ibid. pl. 8, fig. 6.


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