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Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds, most of which have not been figured or described, and others very little known, from obscure or too brief descriptions without figures, or from figures very ill designed
Part II (1747)

[The ash-coloured buzzard],   pp. [Plate] 53-53

Page 53

( 53 )
I Have given this Bird the above Name, becaufe it comes pretty near the Bird
we call
a Buzzard, or Pottock, in its Shape, Magnitude, and partly in its Colour,
it differs in many Refpe~ts, which fhews it to be fpecifically different
from our's in En -
gland, which fee deferibed in Willoughby's Ornithology, p. 70. Cab. 6. It
feemed to me
of the Bignefs of a middle-fized Hen or Cock; its Shape and due Proportions
I have,
as well as I could, expreffed in the Figure.
The Bill is of a blueifh Lead-Colour, cover'd with a Skin of the fame Colour,
the Noifrils to the Point an Inch and a Quarter, from the Angles of the Mouth
to the
Point of the Bill two Inches: The Head, and Fore-part of the Neck, are cover'd
Feathers, having dark brown Spots in the Middle, the reft of the Feathers
white, which make a pretty Appearance of White fpotted with dark Brown; from
Angles of the Mouth is drawn on each Side under the Eyes a dusky Line; the
Spots on the Breaft are larger than thofe on the Head; the Sides and Belly
are co-
vered with dark brown Feathers, fpotted with round or oval Spots of White;
Thighs are covered with foft, loofe, white Feathers, with long irregular
Dambes of
dark Brown down their Shafts; the covert Feathers on the under Side of the
Tail are
barr'd tranfverfly with Black and White; the whole upper Side, Neck, Back,
and Tail, are covered with brownifh al-coloured Feathers, darker in their
Parts, their Edges becoming gradually lighter, which is moft manifeft in
the fmaller
covert Feathers of the Wings, their very Edges being almoft white. The outer
of the firfL Quill is fpotted with a light Colour; the inner Webb on the
under Side is
Alh-colour, indented with White very diflindtly, which Indenture becomes
more and
more confufed and broken till the twelfth Quill, where it wholly difappears,
the reft
of the Quills within being Alh-colour: The covert Feathers, within-fide of
the Wings,
are of a dark, dirty Brown, Sprinkled with round Spots of White: The upper
Side of
the Tail is barr'd a-crofs with narrow Bars of Clay-Colour; as are the Feathers
that co-
ver the upper Side of the Tail: The under Side of the Tail is Al-colour barr'd
with White: The Legs and Feet are of a blueifh Afl-colour i the Claws black;
fore Part of the Legs are cover'd half Way to the Feet with dusky Feathers.
This Bird was brought from Hudfon's Bay by Mr. Alexander Light, who gave
me; it was a fluffed Skin well preferved: He told me its principal Prey was
the Lago-
pus avis, known in thofe Parts by the Name of the white Partridge, which
I have
placed with him by way of Decoration; but as I defign a Plate in particular
of the
white Partridge, I Shall fay nothing of him here farther, than to let the
Reader know,
that he is in this Plate figur'd in his full Winter's Drefs, being wholly
white, except
fome black Feathers in his Tail. The Figure that follows, Pag. 72. will represent
him in the Spring, when he is changing from White to Brown, or Rediflh.
B                                    li/e

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