Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds. Most of which have not been figur'd or describ'd, and others very little known from obscure or too brief descriptions without figures, or from figures very ill design'd.
The penguin, pp. [Plate] 49-49
( 49 ) 2Ahe P E N G U I N. T H I S Bird is about the Bignefs of a common tame Goofe, and is fuppos'd when T it cometh to Land to walk in this eredc Poflure, by reafon of the backward Si- tuation of the Legs. Voyagers who have feen this Bird, report it to walk eredt; the Bill is not very long nor deprefs'd like a Gog/e's, but rather comprefs'd fide-ways; the Corners of the Mouth are pretty deep and reach almoft under the Eyes; in the upper Mandible on each Side, is a Cleft or Groove, the Feathers of the Head pointing on each Side of the Bill, and cover the Noffrils; the Bill is of a red Colour; the fore part of the Head, all round the Bill, and as far as the Eyes, is of a dirty Brown ; the back Part of the Head, upper Part of the Neck and Back are of a dark dirty purplifh Colour, cover'd with very fmall fliff Feathers, not eafily ruffled or diforder'd, appearing more like the Scales of Serpents than Feathers ; the under Side of the Neck, Breaft, Belly, and Sides under the Wings are white, compos'd of Feathers more agreeing with the common Make and Appearance of Feathers, yet lying pretty clofe and firm; the Wings are fmall and flat, like little Boards or Paddles, of a brown Colour ; both above and beneath, they are cover'd with Feathers fo ftiff and fmall, that a flight Obferver might take them for Shagreen, that Part which anfwers the Tips of the Quills in other Wings, is white; it hath no appearance of a Tail, except a few fhort black Brifiles on the Rump the Legs are Ihort; it hath three Toes flanding forward, and webed together as in Geefe, the inner of thefe Toes having a Fin or lateral Membrane within-fide ; a very fmall fourth Toe loofe from the other three, flanding forward and within the innermofi of the other three, contrary to any thing in the Feet of Birds I have yet feen ; the Legs and Feet are of a dirty red Colour, armed with pretty long fharp brown Claws ; the hind Part of the Legs and Bottoms of the Feet, are Black. Th s Bird was lent mle by Mr. Peter Co/i nflbi ; hecould not tell from whence it cam>'. I find them mention'd chic liy by Voyagers to the Straights of Magellaii, and the CUipq &f Gfod Hopd. In Sir r'To RP''s Voyage to Iditi, I find this Account: " On the 1fit of 'P.,;i ' is a fort of Fowl of that Name, that goes upright; his Wings without Fcathcrs, hanging down like Sleeves, faced with WXhite, they do not fly, but only salk in 'i Parcels, keeping ragfularly their own Quarters." Churchill's Collet. of VYoaTrs, Vol. I. P 767. The above-nmention'd Penulite Itle is near the Cape of' Good Hope. I have cxarilin'd ionme of the Voyages to the Straights of Alea, and find very little Account of the 'fetgilinzs thiere, more than that they go upright, and burrow under the Shores: So that I cannot determine the above-defcrib'd to be a Native of any certain Part of the World. H-ad the c Voyagers given flight Dcfcriptions of the Things they mention, we might froni thence probably have fixed its native Place. Able 0
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