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Grigsby, Leslie B. (Leslie Brown) / The Longridge collection of English slipware and delftware. Volume 2: delftware
Volume 2 (2000)

Time line of monarchs and some other important historical persons,   pp. 10-19


Page 18

 
   George and Caroline's interest in the arts included their patronage of
sculp- 
tor Michael Rysbrack. George also supported the founding of the British 
Museum in 1753. Caroline particularly appreciated poetry and took an interest
in science. The queen died peacefully of a "rupture" in 1737. George
II died of a 
heart attack on October 25, 1760. 
WILLIAM AUGUSTUS, 
DUKE OF CUMBERLAND 
D54, D313 
GEORGE III AND CHARLOTTE 
S83-S84, D57 
I1 
William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), was the 
third son (the second died in infancy) of George II and Caroline 
of Ansbach and the brother of Frederick Louis (1707-1751), 
Prince of Wales. (John Gay's Fables [1725/6] were composed as 
an amusement for the young duke.) Cumberland distin- 
guished himself in several military arenas but perhaps was 
most widely celebrated for his success at Culloden, where, on 
April 16, 1746, he led the British army's defeat of the Scottish 
Jacobites supporting Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788, the 
Young Pretender). (Sir Everard Fawkener [1684-17581, the 
duke's secretary, was at one time the proprietor of the Chelsea porcelain
factory 
that produced busts of Cumberland after Culloden.) After the battle of Det-
tingen in 1743, General James Wolfe wrote that Cumberland "behaved as
bravely 
as a man could do. He had a musket-ball through the calf of his leg.... [He]
gave 
his orders with a great deal of calmness, and seemed quite unconcerned."
When 
offered medical assistance, the duke instructed the surgeon to care instead
for 
a nearby French soldier, who was more seriously wounded and more likely to
be 
neglected. In 1746 Horace Walpole wrote of the duke, "The soldiers adore
him, 
and with reason; he has a lion's courage.., and... great military genius."
George William Frederick (1738-1820), Electoral-prince of 
Brunswick-Lineburg and George III of England, Scotland, and 
Ireland (r. 1760-1820), was the eldest son of the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, Frederick Louis (1707-1751) and Augusta of 
Saxe-Coburg (1719-1772). Although George was the third 
member of the House of Hanover to ascend to the British 
throne, he was the first to have been born in England. Taking 
his father's wise political advice, George professed that he 
associated himself more closely with Britain than Germany. 
   George III was, for the most part, more popular than his 
father and grandfather. At the beginning of his reign he enjoyed the advantages
of youth, no Jacobite threat, bachelorhood, and the lack of an heir to threaten
political opposition. Although the king's early life was isolated and mundane
and his personality tended toward solemnity and self-righteousness, he became
both competent and industrious in adulthood, albeit a poor negotiator because
of lack of experience. 
18 The Longridge Collection 
I 


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