The journal of design and manufactures
Correspondence, pp. 71-72
Correspondenc : Copright-modelling Wax, &c. SHORT DURATION OF COPYRIGHT 1 SmKs.-We beg to draw your attention to the disadvantages under which the manufacturers of silk furniture labour in registering their designs, from the operation of the Act of 5th and 6th Viet. with respect to a class of goods contained in clause 3, and denominated class 12. The protection of the design in silks is limited to twelve months; but it would appear that, in consideration of the great expense the block-printers are at in pro- ducing designs, the Act allows them three years, as in the case of class 11, according to the length of the pattern. As regards the expense, we beg to in- form you that we are subject to as great, or greater, expense in producing designs, as also to a slower operation of trade than the block-printers, whose goods are im- mediately sent into the market, whereas our patterns cannot be well known or appreciated by the trade under twelve months, the expense of producing a good design frequently amounting to from 1001. to 1501. before a yard of the pattern is produced. Moreover, the de- mand for our goods is necessarily very small, in comparison with that of the aforesaid so-well-protected goods. We, therefore, beg to submit that the same privilege of time ought to have been ex- tended to goods of class 12 as to class 11, with a regulation as to the size of pattern, as in those cases; the extent of the pat- tern equally increasing the expense in our manufacture as in theirs. We would beg further to submit that twelve months would not be a sufficient protection to us, even on our smaller patterns, for the rea- sons above stated.-D. WALTERS AND SON, 14 Wilson Street, Finsbury. [This evidence is valuable as proving that all the foolish distinctions of time in copy- right (noticed at p. 20) want complete change.-Ed. Journal of Design.] PIRATES: COPYRHT.1" Elegant draw- ing with enlightened criticism adorns your opening number; but a very agreeable feature is your expressed intention of waging war against the mean, unhonoured manufacturers, who stoop to feed on the brains of their brethren; such a moni- tor has long been wanting: while you wil protect the property and stimulate the efforts of able and enterprising producers you will doubtless infuse a wholesome terror into the freebooters on the paths of taste. I cordially concur in the opin- ions given in your article, ' On the Mul- titude of New Patterns;' the extension of the term of copyright would be very likely to lessen the production of novelties with houses capable of originating meri- torious subjects." [No firm, we suspect, would object to lessening the novelties, if they got double work out of good pat- terns.-Ed. Journal of Design.] To MAKE THE BEST MODELLINGWA.- In answer to a correspondent, we give the following receipts:-Take two cakes of virgin wax, break them in pieces, put them into a clean pipkin, and add the quantity of the smallest hazel-nut of Venice turpentine, and about double the quantity of flake-white, reduced to the finest powder; place the pipkin over a slow fire till the wax be melted, stir the composition together, and it is the best wax that can be used for modelling. For making casts in wax, use the same materials prepared in the same way, with the exception that, instead of Venice tur- pentine, you should introduce spermaceti, or Canada balsam, in the proportion of one to three of the wax. This produces a harder and firmer material than the former, and, while not so plastic, affords a more durable substance less liable to injury. Various colours and tints may be pro- duced in wax of either kind by the intro- duction of pounded red, blue, and yellow colours, either in conjunction with, or without flake-white. Wax modelling is performed, like the same art in clay, by pointed, rounded, or edged instruments of wood, bone, or ivory. A camel's-hair brush, however, dipped in spirits of tur- pentine, will be found very useful in the progress of the work by smoothing and in bringing it together. In joining parts, a heated piece of tobacco pipe, used as a blow-pipe, will be found useful; the heated breath softens and liquefies the required portions, with less chance of discolouring the junction than any other mode we know, and is simple, clean, and easy of application. We think it well to add that, though wax is a most useful material for very small work, fine clay, such as sculptors, or modellers at pot- teries use, is, with certain exceptions, much preferable where the work is on a sufficient scale. The nature of the clay induces a bolder treatment, and its ap- pearance does not flatter the work to the degree that wax does, and not being at all transparent, the workman sees better what he is about. We should advise also any one fond of modelling in small to turn his attention somewhat to moulding in plaster of Paris, by which means he might obtain repetitions of his work in a material not liable to alter. London :-Printed by G. Barclay, Castle St. Leicester Sq.
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