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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

The great iron works of the United States,   pp. 475-495


Page 483

THE SAMSONDALE IRON WORKS.
The Samsondale Iron Works-John Peck, Proprietor,
Near Haverstraw, Rockland County, New York, are celebrated for the
manufacture of a superior quality of thin Sheet Iron. They consist
of two Rolling Mills, which contain seven single Puddling Furnaces,
four Heating Furnaces, four trains of Rolls, one Jaw Squeezer, two
Engines, and one Waterwhcel. The old mill was built in Wales, at
the foundry of Ottawa, Wennington & Co., and brought to the United
States, by Elisha Peck, in 1832. At that time, it was regarded as one
of the finest rolling mills in the country. It is constructed of iron,
and has recently been thoroughly repaired. The Sheet Mill is new,
and nearly doubles the former capacity of the Works.
The old Sheet Train is run by an overshot wheel made entirely of
iron, twenty-four feet in diameter and fourteen feet face. The shaft is
of cast-iron, about two feet in diameter, and hollow, the base of the
shaft being about fifteen inches. The arms and frame are of cast-iron,
the gudgeons of wrought-iron, and the buckets of plate-iron, curved.
The bar and new Sheet Train are run by a horizontal high-pressure
engine, rated at two hundred horse-power. The cylinder is thirty
inches in diameter, and the stroke of the piston six feet. The guide
mill train is run by a forty-horse high pressure beam-engine of eighteen
inch cylinder and three feet stroke. Blowing is done either by steam
or by water. The steam is supplied by ten boilers, four of them being
from thirty-two to thirty-six feet long, forty-four inches in diameter,
and the others are plain cylinders, twenty feet long and thirty inches
in diameter, all connected with the furnaces.
Though the specialty of these Works is the manufacture of thin
Sheet Iron, all grades can be rolled, from No. 29 wire gauge up to
boiler-plate if necessary. The bar train is now used for rolling bars
to be afterward rolled into sheets. The capacity of the mill for thin
sheet is about twenty-eight hundred tons a year, and for heavy sheet
and bar about forty-five hundred tons.
The iron used is chiefly Anthracite Pig No. 1, with a little Charcoal
Pig. The coal for puddling is generally Cumberland, and Anthracite
for heating. In 1864, the consumption was about thirteen hundred
tons iron, five hundred and fifty tons Cheever ore, and twenty-five hun-
dred tons Cumberland coal.
Mr. JOHN PECK, the proprietor, has been connected with the Works
since their erection.
483


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