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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of New Haven,   pp. 427-433

Page 432

they make is shipped abroad to the Canadas, Mexico, the West Indies
and Australia.
L. F. GOODYEAR has an important establishment for the manufacture
of Axles. His factory is provided with trip-hammers, lathes, boring
machines, and all the requisite machinery for producing Axles in the
best manner and at the lowest cost, including some machinery of his own
invention, and not in use in other similar manufactories.
Springs are made largely by the " New Haven Spring Company"
(G. J. Hine, Secretary) and W. & E. T. Fitch. They use in the manu-
facture the best-tempered English steel.
Carriage Hardware and Trimmings are made largely by the Plants
Manufacturing Company, C. Cowles & Co., H. Galbraith, and others.
Harnesses are made in New Haven to the amount of about a quarter
of a million of dollars annually. The manufactory of S. T. CUMMINS
is probably the largest in the State withithe exception of one in Hart-
ford. Dealers in several of the principal cities obtain their Harnesses
from this establishment, and commend both the styles and the quality of
the workmanship. By the introduction of sewing-machines in this
manufacture, the number of hands formerly required to do a given
amount of work has been considerably reduced. Horse Collars are
made largely by Gillette & Smith.
The Silver-Plating of Harnesses is a prominent business with the firms
of Roberts & Sperry, H. Galbraith, and others. All the Ornamental
portions of harnesses and carriages, in close plate, electro plate, and
crystal plate, are made by them.    Mr. Galbraith also manufactures
Cook's Patent Slat Irons, silvered and japanned, and Patent Top Lift-
ers, with handles silvered or japanned.
The New Haven Clock Company are the largest manufacturers of
Clocks in the United States. They employ 250 hands, and produce
about 150,000 Clocks per annum, many of which are shipped to Eng-
land, and even to India and China. This Company are the successors
of the Jerome Manufacturing Company, originally established by Chaun.,
cey Jerome, who is entitled to be called the father of clock-manufacturing
in America. So perfect is the system now adopted in this business, and
the facilities for manufacturing, that an ordinary O-G Clock Case can be
made at a cost for labor of twenty cents, a whole Dial for less than five
cents, the Tablets for about four cents, and the entire Movements of a
One-Day Brass Clock at a first-cost of less than fifty cents.' The Clock
(1) Those who are curious to know how this is done, are referred to the little work on
the History of American Clock-Making, written by Chauncey Jerome, and published by
F. C. Dayton, Jr., New Haven, 1860. In reference to the process of making the wheels,

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