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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of New Haven,   pp. 427-433

Page 428

ployed as his principal salesman John R. Lawrence, who is now the
senior partner of the firm of LAWRENCE, BRADLEY & PARDEE.
In 1829 Mr. Lawrence was taken into partnership by Mr. 'Brewster,
and in the succeeding year Solomon Collis was admitted as a partner,
establishing the firm of Brewster & Lawrence in New York, and Brew-
ster & Collis in New Haven.     These continued until the first of
February, 1837, when Mr. Brewster retired from business, disposing of
his interest to his partners, who continued business under the firm-
style of Lawrence & Collis in New York, and Collis & Lawrence in
New Haven, until 1850, when Mr. Collis disposed of his interest in
New Haven to William H. Bradley, and in New York to his partner,
who soon after associated with himself L. A. Durbrow and his son John
Lawrence, under the firm-style of John R. Lawrence & Co.     The
business was conducted at New Haven by Lawrence & Bradley until
January, 1857, when Mr. William B. Pardee became a partner, estab-
lishing the present firm of Lawrence, Bradley & Pardee. In the same
year they enlarged their factory to its present size, which is 200 feet in
length and 45 feet in width.
This firm and their predecessors have probably constructed a greater
variety of Carriages, of all kinds and sizes, from a child's carriage to
the largest and most expensive coach, than any other in the country.
During the last few years they have supplied large orders for Car-
riages from Cuba, Mexico, South America, Africa, and Australia.
The trade in carriages with the West Indies is rapidly increas-
in, as it has been found that American woods are more durable
in warm climates and iess liable to crack thap those of Europe. Im-
portant orders have also been filled for Prussia, and other portions of
Germany. Since the Exhibition of 1851 American Carriages have been
growing in favor in Europe. Great improvements of late years have
been made in upholstering and leather work, and in the article of en-
amelled leather, it is said, American manufacturers are even now excel-
ling all foreign competitors.
The manufactory of this firm is managed in accordance with a system
perfected by experience. About 200 hands are employed in it, generally
by the day, and consequently they have no inducement for slighting their
work. Each department has its foreman, and light and heavy carriages
are considered as distinct articles, and made in different parts of the
factory. For the convenience of their distant customers they have pre-
pared an expensive illustrated volume, containing the largest collection
of carriage-cuts ever issued. Over 200 different styles of vehicles are
shown in this work, and yet these compose but a part of the styles they
are constantly manufacturing. They guarantee, we believe, full satisfa-

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