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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Boston,   pp. 276-312 ff.


Page 284

REMARKABLE MANUFACTORIES IN SOUTH BOSTON.
The Globe Works,
Located on Foundry Street, are also entitled to rank among the note-
worthy and remarkable manufacturing establishments of South Boston.
Probably a greater variety of machinery has been built in these works
than in any other, for it has been the practice of the Company to change
their appliances and adapt their tools to the kind that may be most in
demand in a given time, whether it be Sugar Mills, Locomotives, or
Steamships.
In 1846, Mr. John Souther, who is now President of the Company,
commenced business as a Locomotive builder near the site of the piesent
works in association with Mr. J. Lyman (whose interest however he
soon after purchased), on the unprecedentedly small capital of $2,000.
Previously to embarking in this enterprise Mr. Souther had spent seven
years in the service of the Boston Locomotive Works, and had made all
or a greater part of their first models and patterns. He had also spent
two years at Cuba studying the wants of the sugar planters, and in
endeavoring to ascertain the machinery best adapted to supply those
wants. The advantages of this practical and comprehensive training soon
became manifest in the success of the establishment he had founded, and
the sugar machinery built here for Cuba alone has amounted in value to
$200,000 annually.
In June, 1854, the Globe Works Company was incorporated, with
John Souther as President, and D. A. Pickering, Treasurer. The lat-
ter gentleman had been, previous to his connection with these works,
General Superintendent of several railroads, and had acquired a large and
varied experience that peculiarly fitted him for the position he now oc-
cupies. For several years the building of Locomotives was a prominent
item in their general business, from twenty to thirty having been made
annually. Since 1860, however, when the works were destroyed by fire,
the building of Locomotives has not constituted an important branch of
their manufactures.
One of the most novel machines built at these Works is the Steam
Shovel or Excavator, the construction of which has become an exten-
sive business. These Shovels have been used on most of the railroads
in this country, and on many European railroads. They hold two cubic
yards of earth, make two dips in a minute, and will dig the hardest clay
pan. They will fill a train of twenty-five cars in twenty-five minutes.
The shovel weighs twenty-eight tons. Its movements are wonderful in
their complicated harmony, and it has been said to approach nearer to
" a thing of life " than any other large machine ever built. It has dis-
tinct motions to draw the shovel back, force it forward into the bank, to
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