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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Buffalo,   pp. 266-273


Page 268

MANUFACTURES OF BUFFALO.
Treasurer. This concern is indebted for its celebrity mainly to the
valuable inventions made by John A. Pitts, from whom it derives its
Dame. This gentleman is accredited with having invented the Treading
or Endless-Chain Horse Power, which was patented by him in 1836; also
the first Chain Pump, and the first Combined Thresher and Separator,
patented in 1837, and which continues to be the leading article manufac-
tured at the Pitts Works. Important improvements have been made in the
construction of this machine since it was first invented, and now, when
propelled by six or eight horses, it will thresh and clean from 300 to 500
bushels of wheat, and from 600 to 1000 bushels of oats per day, and
leave the grain deposited in a perfectly neat and clean condition, re-
quiring no handling after it is once fed into the machine until it is ready
for the granary. Over five hundred of these machines are now made
and sold annually. Recently the manufacturer has invented an attach-
ment for measuring and registering the number of bushels threshed and
bagging the grain, which runs from the Fanning Mill into the Elevator,
then into the Reservoir and Measure, and then into the Bag, each half
bushel being accurately registered and counted. The value of a labor-
saving machine like this, to the country, especially at this time, and to
the farmers of the West, cannot be computed.
Besides the Thresher and Separator, several other useful and popular
machines are made at these works. We may mention the Double Pinion
Horse Powers, which are remarkable for their strength, durability, and
ease in working ; Pitts' Corn and Cob Mill, and Rice Hulling ma-
chines. Pitts' Works cover an area of about three acres of ground,
including the space devoted to the storage of materials. At times as
many as two million feet of lumber, almost exclusively of hard wood,
are kept in stock.
The BUFFALO AGRICULTURAL MACHINE WORKS are another exten-
sive concern in this branch of manufactures. The proprietors of these
works have the control of several patented machines-among others,
of Kirby's American Harvester, a Buffalo invention. The distinctive
feature of this Combined Mower and Reaper is that it will work as well
on rough as on smooth ground. This is accomplished by an arrange-
ment by which the finger-bar is independent in its action, or, in other
words, rises and falls in following the inequalities of the ground inde-
pendently of the driving wheel. It is also recommended for its exceed-
ing lightness of draft, and being made of iron it is not affected by
exposure to dew, or showers, or sun. This Company have also intro-
duced to the notice of the agricultural community a Combined Mower
and Reaper which is easily drawn by one horse, and is said to be capable
of doing as much work as most machines that require two horses.
268


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