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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution : and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Buffalo,   pp. 266-273

Page 266

BUFFALO, situated at the eastern extremity of Lake Erie, and the
terminus of the Erie Canal, has long been a principal commercial em-
porium of the West. Her citizens performed prodigies of labor at an
early period, when the town contained not more than 2,000 inhabitants,
to render the harbor available to the largest vessels and secure the
termination of the Erie Canal ; and at a later period they erected,
at a heavy cost, immense elevators, to facilitate the rapid discharge
of cargoes, especially of grain. There are now in the city of Buffalo
twenty-one of these automatic laborers, that have in the aggregate
the power of transferring 82,000 bushels of grain per hour, and a
warehouse capacity of 4,415,000 bushels.  By the promptitude with
which they clear vessels, fleets have been enabled to leave the harbor
in search of other freight within thirty-six hours after their arrival-
a dispatch gratifying to the mariner, profitable to the owner, and highly
reputable to the port.
During the last fifteen or twenty years the citizens of Buffalo have
been not less indefatigable in establishing and encouraging the growth
of manufactures, and with a success not less marked than that which
attended their efforts to attract to their port the immense agricultural
productions of the West. According to the Census Returns, furnished
us in advance of their official publication, Erie County, of which Buffalo
is the capital, had, in 1860, 191 manufacturing establishments, with a
capital of $5,524,871, that yielded a value of $10,777,750. According
to the same authority the city contained 404 manufactories, that had a
capital invested of $4,617,743, employed 5,217 male and 380 female
hands, and produced a value of $8,500,000. This, however, it may
be safely asserted, is considerably below the present product.  The
census officials in Buffalo were  t more successful than those in
other places in securing accurat, :eturns, as can easily be proved-
besides, business was depressed I ow the average in 1860, and since
then there have been important jdditions to the number of its manu-
factories  It is probable, therefore, that the estimate of competent
judges, who state that the annual value of articles now manufactured in
Buffalo is at least twelve millions of dollars, is not an unreasonable one.
The principal manufactures of Erie County, according to the census
returns, were the following :
2 G66

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