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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of New York and Brooklyn,   pp. 119-216


Page 140

REMARKABLE SIP1' YARDS OF NEW YORK.
he visited all the ship yards, and finally entered that of Christian Bergh,
as an apprentice, in the year 1816, where he remained until 1820.
During that year, though only twenty years of age, an invitation was
extended him by a gentleman residing in Charleston, Sojith Caro-
lina, to undertake the construction of two schooners at that place.
Having obtained the consent of his employer (his apprenticeship not
having expired), he at once embarked on board a sloop of sixty tons,
and after a storneiy and dangerous passage of fifteen days, landed safely
in Charleston. He at once commenced his first two vessels, employing
in their construction negro slaves owned by planters residing in and
around Charleston. Upon the qompletion of the vessels he returned
to New York, and at once became a partner of Mr. Bergh; with whom
he remained associated until Mr. Bergh retired from business, in the
year 1835 ; after having built, during fifteen years, seventy-one vessels,
nearly all of which were ships ranging from four hundred and fifty to
six hundred tons.
Mr. Westervelt then resolved upon a voyage to Europe, where he
remained nine months, and upon his return he resumed business, taking
a yard at Corlear's Hook (foot of Cherry street), where he built
a number of large and fine ships, and remained until he re-
moved to his present location. A yard at the foot of Seventh street
was also taken, soon after, and for several years both were kept well
filled with vessels in course of construction, and required by the then
opening trade to California.
Mr. Westervelt originated and built, in connection with Mr. Edward
Mills, the steamships " Washington" and Hermann," the pioneers of
American Ocean Steamers. The steamers Franklin" and "Humboldt,"
the first of the present Havre line, were built by him shortly after ;
and at a more recent date he built the steamer " Arago;" now running
in the same line ; also the steamer " Rhode Island," now owned by the
United States Government, and the " Eagle," and " Moro Castle,"
owned by Spofford, Tileston & Co.    Among the most celebrated
clipper ships built by him were the " N. B. Palmer," " Contest," and
" Sweepstakes."  Quite a number of vessels for th6 American and
foreign governments have been constructed by him ; among which may
be named the frigate " Hope," of two thousand tons, built in the year
1825, for the Greek Government ; the " Guadalquiver," for the Spanish
Government ; the " Fusiyama," launched last year, for the Japanese
Government; and the " Ottawa," " Otsego," " Kankakee," and sloop
of war " Brooklyn," for the United States Government. The last
named vessel has, during the recent war, proved second to none in our
navy, as her brilliant record fully demonstrates ; and Vice-Admiral
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